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Tatl

Member Since 08 Jul 2009
Offline Last Active Aug 10 2017 05:24 PM

About Me

Under Construction...until I stop being a lazy bum

Last Updated: 130413
ALL NEW LESSONS WILL BE PUT ON WORDPRESS SINCE I CAN'T SEEM TO ADD ANY MORE STUFF HERE
***** Wordpressed *****




안녕하세요! 타터르 입니다!
Hi, my name is Tatl!

How Everything is Organized
1st Section: Intro
2nd Section: Random Things About Me
3rd Section: Daily Lessons From My Korean Class
4th Section: Vocabulary From 'Hello Baby'
5th Section: Helpful Links for Learning Korean



To Do
- add handouts
- FIX earlier lessons (forgot to add stuff)
- Currently, adding vocab from 'Hello Baby'.



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Spreading the Love
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My original post of the list in 'SSF's Guide to Basic Korean'.
Learning with S♥NEs
My original posts of the daily lessons in 'SSF's Guide to Basic Korean'
110922-110930
Compiled list of Korean vocabulary from this thread:
Vocab


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~~~Learn Korean with Me [110922-111206]~~~
Green = Grammar Points

DF = Dictionary form
PF = Polite form
HF = Honorific form

Plain = Plain form
Humble = Humble form

Books for Course:
- Integrated Korean: Beginner 1 (2nd Edition) by Cho, Lee, Schulz, Sohn, Sohn
- Integrated Korean Workbook: Beginning 1 (2nd Edition) by Park, Suh, Kim, Oh, Cho

Sept 22, 2011
- Placement Test
- Introduced to the TA and took placement tests (super hard >.<)


Sept 23, 2011
- Introduction/Korean Alphabet (1)
- Introduced to the professor
- Introduced to the alphabet and their pronunciations
- Vowels
  • 아 - [a] = (ah)
  • 야 - [ya] = (yah)
  • 어 - [eo] = (awe)
  • 여 - [yeo] = (yaw)
  • 이 - [ee/i] = (e (long e sound))
  • 우 - [oo/u] = (oo (as in wood))
  • 유 - [yoo/yu] = (you)
  • 오 - [o] = (oh)
  • 요 - [yo] = (yoh)
  • 으 - [eu] = (u (as in put))
  • 에 - [e] = (eh (less emphasis))
  • 예 - [ye] = (yeh (less emphasis)
  • 애 - [ae] = (eh (more emphasis))
  • 얘 - [yae] = (yeh (more emphasis))
  • 위 - [wi] = (wee)
  • 웨 - [we] = (weh (highest))
  • 왜 - [wae] = (weh (middle))
  • 외 - [oe] = (weh (lowest))
  • 워 - [wo] = (waw)
  • 와 - [wa] = (wah)
  • 의 - [ui] = (ooey (as in gooey))
  • - Consonants
  • ㅁ - [m] = (m)
  • ㄴ - [n] = (n)
  • ㅇ - [ng] = (ng (as in ping))
  • ㄹ - [r/l] = (mixture of r and l sound)
  • ㄱ - [g/k] = (mixture of g and k sound)
  • ㄷ - [d/t] = (mixture of d and t sound)
  • ㅈ - [j/ch] = (mixture of j and ch sound)
  • ㅂ - [p/b] = (mixture of p and b sound)
  • ㅎ - [h] = (h)
  • ㅍ - [p] = (p (as in pudding))
  • ㅊ - [ch] = (ch (as in itch))
  • ㅌ - [t] = (t (as in table))
  • ㅋ - [k] = (k (as in kick))
  • ㅅ - [s] = (s (as in sow))
  • ㅆ - [ss] = (s (as in sun))
  • ㄲ - [kk] = (g (as in gone))
  • ㄸ - [tt] = (d (as in dog))
  • ㅉ - [jj] = (j (as in jack))
  • ㅃ - [pp] = (b (as in bird))
  • Sept 26, 2011
    - Korean Alphabet (2)
    - Reviewed alphabet
    - Practice syllable pronunciations
    Click for pronunciations of alphabet
    - Names of Korean Alphabet
  • ㄱ - 기역 [gi-yeok]
  • ㅋ - 키읔 [ki-euk]
  • ㄲ - 쌍기역 [ssang-gi-yeok]
  • ㄴ - 니은 [ni-eun]
  • ㄷ - 디귿 [di-geut]
  • ㅌ - 티읕 [ti-eut]
  • ㄸ - 쌍디귿 [ssang-di-geut]
  • ㄹ - 리을 [li-eul]
  • ㅁ - 미음 [mi-eum]
  • ㅂ - 비읍 [bi-eup]
  • ㅍ - 피읖 [pi-eup]
  • ㅃ - 쌍비읍 [ssang-bi-eup]
  • ㅅ - 시옷 [shi-ot]
  • ㅆ - 쌍시옷 [ssang-shi-ot]
  • ㅇ - 이응 [i-eung]
  • ㅎ - 히읗 [hi-euh]
  • ㅈ - 지읒 [ji-eut]
  • ㅊ - 치읓 [chi-eut]
  • ㅉ - 쌍지읒 [ssang-ji-eut]
  • 모음 [mo-eum] = vowel
  • 자음 [ja-eum] = consonant
  • 받침 [bat-chim] = final consonant
  • 음절 [eum-jeol] = syllable block
  • 겹받침 [kyeop-bat-chim] = double final consonant
  • -Others
  • 아이 [a-i] = baby
  • 여우 [yeo-u] = fox
  • 오이 [o-i] = cucumber
    --- Jessica's mortal enemy :]
  • 우유 [u-yu] = milk
  • 이 [i] = teeth
  • 쌍 [ssang] = twin; double
  • Sept 27, 2011
    - Korean Alphabet (3)
    - More syllable practice
    - Final consonants pronunciations

    Rule 1: Resyllabification
    If the following syllable after the syllable with a final consonant begins with an ㅇ, then the final consonant is moved to the next syllable in pronunciation, not in writing
    Ex. 한글은 [han-geul-eun] = 한그른 [han-geu-leun]

    - Double final consonants pronunciations
    One of final consonants silent unless followed by vowel, in which case last final consonant “transferred” to vowel syllable.
    Only in pronunciation, not in writing.



    Sept 28, 2011
    - Others
  • 보기 [bo-gi] = example
  • 연습 [yeon-seup] = practice
  • 여름 방학 [yeo-reum bang-hak] = summer vacation
  • 봄비 [bom-bi] = spring rain
  • - Pronunciation Rules
    - Final consonant pronunciations

    Rule 2: Syllable-Final Closure
    If the following syllable after the syllable with a final consonant doesn’t begin with an ㅇ, then the final consonant changes in pronunciation, not in writing.
    ㅂ, ㅍ => ㅂ
    ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ => ㄷ
    ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ => ㄱ
    Ex. 잎꽈 [ip-kkwa] => 입꽈 [ib-kkwa]

    Rule 3: Nasal Assimilation
    If the following syllable after the syllable with a final consonant begins with an ㄴ or an ㅁ , then the final consonant changes in pronunciation, not in writing
    ㅂ, ㅍ => ㅁ
    ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅎ => ㄴ
    ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ => ㅇ
    Ex. 있는데 [iss-neun-de] => 인는데 [in-neun-de]

    Rule 4: ㄴ to ㄹ Assimilation
    When ㄹ and ㄴ come together, the ㄴ is usually replaced by the ㄹ sound. When is followed by the vowel i or the semivowel y (such as 야, 여, etc) in some compound words, another ㄹ is inserted between them.
    Ex. 칠년 [chil-nyeon] => 칠련 [chil-lyeon]
    Ex. 물약 [mul-yak] => 물략 [mul-lyak]

    Rule 5: Tensification
    When ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ, ㅅ follows ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ, ㅅ, the former becomes a corresponding tense consonant.
    Ex. 학생 [hak-saeng] => 학쌩 [hak-ssaeng]
    Ex. 몃번 [myeot-beon] => 몃뻔 [myeot-bbeon] (+ Rule 2)

    Rule 6: Aspiration and Weakening
    When ㅎ is followed or preceded by ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ, it merges with the consonant to produce the corresponding aspirate consonant ㅍ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅋ.
    ㅎ + ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ => ㅍ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅋ
    ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ + ㅎ => ㅍ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅋ
    Ex. 좋고 [joh-go] => 조코 [jo-ko]
    Between two vowels, ㅎ tends to become silent in casual speech.
    Ex. 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] => 조아요 [jo-a-yo]
    Ex. 말한다 [mal-han-da] => 마란다 [ma-lan-da]

    Rule 7: Double Consonant Reduction
    The second of the two final consonants is carried over to the next syllable if the next syllable doesn’t have an initial consonant. However, one of the two final consonants (usually the second final consonant, but there are exceptions) becomes silent at the end of a word or before a consonant.
    Ex. 값이 [kabs-i] => 갑시 [kab-shi]
    Ex. 값 [kabt] => 갑 [kab]
    Ex. 값도 [kabt-do] => 갑또 [kab-ddo] (+ Rule 5)

    Rule 8: Palatalization
    When a word ending in ㄷ orㅌ is followed by a suffix beginning with the vowel i or the semivowel y (whether ㅎ intervenes or not), the ㄷ and ㅌ are pronounced ㅈ and ㅊ , respectively.
    Ex. 닫혀요 [dat-hyeo-yo] =>다처요 [da-cheo-yo]
    Ex. 불이다 [bul-i-da] => 부치다 [bu-chi-da]

    Rule 9: Place Assimilation
    In casual speech, ㄷ is optionally pronounced ㅂ before ㅂ or ㅃ and as ㄱ before ㄱ or ㄲ. Similarly, ㄴ is optionally pronounced ㅁ before ㅂ, ㅃ, or ㅁ and ㅇ before ㄱ or ㄲ.
    Ex. ?뼝 [kkot-bbyeong] => 꼽뼝 [kkop-bbyeong]
    Ex. 갇꼬 [kkat-kko] => 각꼬 [kak-kko]
    Ex. 한미 [han-mi] => 함미 [ham-mi]
    Ex. 한강 [han-kang] => 항강 [hang-kang]



    Sept 29, 2011
    - Useful Classroom Expressions
    - Common Phrases: Greetings
  • 안녕하세요. [An-nyeon-ha-se-yo.] = Hello/How are you?/How do you do? (HF)
    --- Literally means “Are you in peace?”
    --- Can be used as a greeting at any time of the day such as “Good morning.”, “Good afternoon.”, “Good evening.”
    --- Can also be used for “How are you?” or “Nice to meet you.”
  • 안녕히가세요. [An-nyeong-hi-ga-se-yo.] = Goodbye (to the one leaving) (HF)
  • 안녕히계세요. [an-nyeong-hi-kye-se-yo.] = Goodbye (to the one staying) (HF)
  • 반갑습니다. [Ban-gap-seum-ni-da.] = Glad to meet you.
  • - Common Phrases: Courtesies
  • 감사합니다. [Kam-sa-ham-ni-da.] = Thank you.
    --- Has Mandarin roots as “감사” [kam-sa] is from a Mandarin word
  • 고맙습니다 [Go-map-seum-ni-da.] = Thank you.
    --- Has Korean roots
  • 죄송합니다 [Jwe-song-ham-ni-da.] = I’m sorry.
    --- Said to seniors and to distant equals (someone who is the same age as you are, but you don’t know them that well)
  • 미안합니다 [Mi-an-ham-ni-da] = I’m sorry.
  • (늦어서) 죄송합니다 [(Neuj-eo-seo) jwe-song-ham-ni-da.] = I’m sorry I’m late.
  • 실레합니다 [Shil-le-ham-ni-da.] = Excuse me.
    --- Literally means I’m committing rudeness and discourtesy.
  • - Teacher’s Instructions
  • 읽어보세요 [Ilk-eo-bo-se-yo.] = Please read. (HF)
  • (다같이) 따라하세요 [(Da-gat-i){da-ka-chi} dda-la-ha-se-yo.] = (All together) please repeat after me. (HF)
  • 잘들으세요 [Jal-deul-eu-se-yo.] = Please listen carefully. (HF)
  • 둘이서해보세요 [Dul-i-seo-hae-bo-se-yo.] = Please do it as a pair. (HF)
  • 다시한번해보세요 [Da-shi-han-beon-hae-bo-se-yo.] = Please read one more time. (HF)
  • 영어를 쓰지마세요 [Yeong-eo-leul sseu-ji-ma-se-yo.] = Please don’t speak in English. (HF)
  • 숙제내세요 [Suk-je-nae-se-yo.] = Please turn in your homework. (HF)
  • 한국말로하세요 [Han-guk-mal-lo-ha-se-yo.] = Please speak in Korean. (HF)
  • 칠판을 보세요 [Chil-pan-eul bo-se-yo.] = Please look at the blackboard. (HF)
  • 위우세요 [We-u-se-yo.] = Please memorize it. (HF)
  • 대답하세요 [Dae-dab-ha-se-yo.] = Please answer it. (HF)
  • 받아쓰세요 [Bat-a-sseu-se-yo.] = Please write it down. (HF)
  • 책을 펴세요 [Chaek-eul peo-se-yo.] = Please open the book. (HF)
  • 오늘은 이만하겠어요 [O-neul-eun i-man-ha-kess-eo-yo.] = We will stop here today. (PF)
  • - Teacher’s Comments
  • 좋아요 [Joh-a-yo.] = Good. (PF)
  • 잘했어요 [Jal-haess-eo-yo.] = Well done. (PF)
  • 틀렸어요 [Teul-lyeoss-eo-yo.] = You are wrong. (PF)
  • 맞았어요 [Maj-ass-eo-yo.] = You are right. (PF)
  • 아주잘했어요 [A-ju-jal-haess-eo-yo.] = You did it very well. (PF)
  • Sept 30, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Grammar
    - Practiced reading and translating common phrases
    - Noun
  • sino + 학년 [-hak-nyeon] = _-year student
  • 1학년 / 일학년 [1-hak-nyeon / il-hak-nyeon] = freshman/first-year student
  • 학년 [hak-nyeon] = school year
  • 과 [gwa] = lesson/chapter
  • 대학생 [dae-hak-saeng] = college student
  • 학생 [hak-saeng] = student
  • 미국 [mi-guk] = United States
  • 사람 [sa-ram] = person/people
  • 인사 [in-sa] = greeting
  • 한국 [han-guk] = Korea
  • - Pronoun
  • 저 [jeo] = I (Humble)
  • 나 [na] = I (Plain)
  • - Number (Sino-Korean)
  • 영/공 [yeong/gong] = zero
  • 공 [gong] = used in telephone numbers
  • 영 [yeong] = used in other cases besides telephone numbers
  • 일 [il] = one
  • 이 [i] = two
  • 삼 [sam] = three
  • 사 [sa] = four
  • 오 [o] = five
  • 육 [yuk] = six
  • 칠 [chil] = seven
  • 팔 [pal] = eight
  • 구 [gu] = nine
  • 십 [ship] = ten
  • - Adjective
  • 안녕하다 [an-nyeong-ha-da] = to be well (DF)
  • - Copula
  • 이다 [i-da] = to be (DF)
  • - Particle
  • 도 [do] = also/too
  • 은/는 [eun/neun] = topic particle (“as for”)
  • - Noun
  • 선생님 [seon-saeng-nim] = teacher
  • -씨 [-ssi] = attached to a person’s name for courtesy
  • 영국 [yeong-guk] = United Kingdom
  • 일본 [il-bon] = Japan
  • 중국 [jung-guk] = China
  • 이름 [i-leum] = name
  • 클래스 [keul-lae-seu] = class
  • 한국어 [han-guk-eo]= Korean language
  • 한국말 [han-guk-mal] = Korean language
  • country + 어 [eo] = language
    --- 영어 [yeong-eo] = English
    --- 미국어 [mi-guk-eo] is not a word.
    --- 일(본)어 [il (bon) eo] = Japanese
    --- 중국어 [jung-guk-eo] = Chinese
  • country + 사람 [sa-ram] = nationality
    --- 한국 사람 [han-guk sa-ram] = Korean
    --- 미국 사람 [mi-guk sa-ram] = American
    --- 영국 사람 [yeong-guk sa-ram] = UKanian
  • - Adverb
  • 네 [ne] = yes/I see/okay
  • 아니요 [a-ni-to] = no (PF)
  • - Particle
  • 이/가 [i/ga] = subject particle
  • - Adjective
  • 그렇다 [geu-leoh-da] = to be so (DF)
  • 그래요 [geu-lae-yo] = Is that right? (PF)
  • 반갑다 [ban-gab-da] = to be glad (DF)
  • - Copula
  • 아니다 [a-ni-da] = to not be (DF)
  • 아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo] = to not be (PF)
  • - Pronoun
  • 뭐 [mweo] = what (=무엇) [mu-eot]
  • - Interjection
  • 아 [a] = oh
  • - Basic Grammar
    은/는 [eun/neun]
    은 [eun] is used after a topic that ends in a consonant.
    Ex. 마이클은 일학년이에요. [Ma-i-keul-eun il-hak-nyeon-i-e-yo.]
    Michael is a freshman.

    는 [neun] is used after a topic that ends in a vowel.
    Ex. 소피아는 사학년이에요. [So-pi-a-neun sa-hak-nyeon-i-e-yo.]
    Sophia is a senior.

    Omission of Redundant Elements
    In Korea, subjects/topics are often omitted when they are obvious.
    Ex. 저는 샌디예요. 삼학년이에요. 중국 사람이에요. [Jeo-neun Saen-di-ye-yo. Sam-hak-nyeon-i-e-yo. Jung-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.]
    I am Sandy. A junior. Chinese.

    이에요/예요 [i-e-yo/ye-yo]
    이에요 [i-e-yo] is used at the end of a consonant-ending sentence that’s establishing that the topic is the predicate.
    Ex. 제니는 일본 사람이에요. [Je-ni-neun il-bon sa-ram-i-e-yo.]
    Jenny is Japanese.

    예요 [ye-yo] is used at the end of a vowel-ending sentence that’s establishing that the topic is the predicate.
    Ex. 저는 스티브예요. [Jeo-neun Seu-ti-beu-ye-yo.]
    I am Steve.

    은/는 vs. 도 [eun/neun] vs. [do]
    도 [do] is used instead of 은/는 [eun/neun] when the following sentence is in parallel with the first sentence.
    Ex. 리사는 미국 사람이에요. 저도 미국 사람이에요. [Li-sa-neun mi-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo. Jeo-do mi-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.]
    Lisa is American. I am also American.

    은/는 [eun/neun] is used when the following sentence is different from the first sentence.
    Ex. 사라는 중국 사람이에요. 저는 미국 사람이에요. [Sa-ra-neun jung-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo. Jeo-neun mi-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.]
    Sarah is Chinese. I am American.

    Yes/No Questions
    Sentence is true = 네 [ne]
    Ex. 영어 선생님이에요? 네, 영어 선생님이에요. [Yeong-eo seon-saeng-nim-i-e-yo? Ne, yeong-eo seon-saeng-nim-i-e-yo.]
    Are you an English teacher? Yes, I am an English teacher.

    Sentence is false = 아니요 [a-ni-yo]
    Ex. 이학년 이에요? 아니요, 오학년 이에요. [I-hak-nyeon i-eh-yo? A-ni-yo, o-hak-nyeon i-e-yo.]
    Are you a sophomore? No, I am a 5th-year student.

    이/가 아니에요 [i/ga a-ni-ye-yo]
    이 아니에요 [i a-ni-e-yo] is used in a negative sentence when the topic ends in a consonant.
    Ex. 김태연은 중국어 선생님이아니에요. [Kim Taeyeon-eun jung-guk-eo seon-saeng-nim-i-a-ni-ye-yo.]
    Kim Taeyeon is not a Chinese teacher.

    가 아니에요 [ga a-ni-e-yo] is used in a negative sentence when the topic ends in a vowel.
    Ex. 저는 임윤아가아니에요. [Jeo-neun Im Yoona-ga a-ni-ye-yo.]
    I am not Im Yoona.



    Oct 3, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Quiz #1/New Expressions
    - Sino-Korean Numbers = Taken from Cantonese (Chinese dialect)
  • 일 [il] = one
  • 이 [i] = two
  • 삼 [sam] = three
  • 사 [sa] = four
  • 오 [o] = five
  • 육 [yuk] = six
  • 칠 [shil] = seven
  • 팔 [pal] = eight
  • 구 [gu] = nine
  • 십 [ship] = ten
  • 이십 [i-ship] = twenty
  • 삼십 [sam-ship] = thirty
  • 사십 [sa-ship] = forty
  • 오십 [o-ship] = fifty
  • 육십 [yuk-ship] = sixty
  • 칠십 [chil-ship] = seventy
  • 팔십 [pal-ship] = eighty
  • 구십 [gu-ship] = ninety
  • 백 [baek] = one hundred
  • - Native-Korean Numbers
  • 하나 [ha-na] = one
  • 둘 [dul] = two
  • 셋 [set] = three
  • 넷 [net] = four
  • 다섯 [da-seot] = five
  • 여섯 [yeo-seot] = six
  • 일곱 [il-gop] = seven
  • 여덟 [yeo-deolb] = eight
  • 아홉 [a-hop] = nine
  • 열 [yeol] = ten
  • 스물 [seu-mul] = twenty
  • 서른 [seo-leun] = thirty
  • 마흔 [ma-heun] = forty
  • 쉰 [swin] = fifty
  • 예순 [ye-sun] = sixty
  • 일흔 [il-heun] = seventy
  • 여든 [yeo-deun] = eighty
  • 아흔 [a-heun] = ninety
  • 백 [baek] = one hundred
  • - Countries
  • 한국 [han-guk] = Korea
  • 미국 [mi-guk] = United States
  • 영국 [yeong-guk] = United Kingdom
  • 일본 [il-bon] = Japan
  • 중국 [jung-guk] = China
  • 프랑스 [peu-rang-seu] = France
  • 스페인 [seu-pe-in] = Spain
  • 러시아 [reo-shi-a] = Russia
  • 베트남 [be-teu-nam] = Vietnam
  • 버마 [beo-ma] = Burma
  • 필리핀 [pil-li-pin] = Philippine
  • 타이완 [ta-i-wan] = Taiwan
  • 아일랜드 [a-il-laen-deu] = Iceland
  • 스위스 [seu-we-seu] = Swiss
  • - Others
  • 나 [na] = I (Plain)
  • 저 [jeo] = I (Humble)
  • 너 [neo] = you
  • 당신 [dang-shin] = you (to someone close to you or younger than you)
  • 도 [do] = temperature
    --- Ex. 칠십도 [chil-ship-do] = 70 degrees
  • 퍼센트 [peo-sen-teu] = percentage
  • 점수 [jeom-su] = grade
  • 국적 [guk-jeok] = nationality
  • 몇 [myeot] = question word involving numbers
  • 뭐 [mwo] = what
  • 씨 [ssi] = attached to the "last name + first name" or to the "first name"
  • Oct 4, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Listening Comprehension/Writing Activities
    - Introduce and question each other in groups
    - Others
  • 소개 [so-kae] = introduction
  • 그룹 [geu-rup] = group
  • - Phrase
  • 처음 뵙겠습니다. [Cheo-eum bwep-kess-seum-ni-da.] = Nice to meet you. (said to someone you are meeting for the first time)
  • Oct 5, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Reading Comprehension/Dictation/Extra Reading 1
    - Read passages that were supposed to be translated for homework
    - Food
  • 갈비 [kal-bi] = BBQ short ribs
  • 비빔밥 [bi-bim-bab] = mixed-vegetable rice
  • 불고기 [bul-go-gi] = BBQ beef
  • 육개장 [yuk-kae-jang] = spicy beef soup
  • 과자 [gwa-ja] = snack
  • 음료수 [eum-lyo-su] = drink
  • 냉면 [naeng-myeon] = cold noodle soup
  • 제일 [je-il] = the most
    --- Ex. 뭐가 제일 싸요? [Mweo-ga je-il ssa-yo?] = What is the cheapest?
  • 메뉴 [me-nyu] = menu
  • 맛없다 [mas-oebt-da] = to be not tasty (DF)
  • 맛있다 [mas-iss-da] = to be tasty (DF)
  • 불 [bul] = money suffix
    --- Ex. 이십 불이에요. [I-ship bul-i-e-yo.] = 20 dollars.
  • 달러 [dal-leo] = dollar suffix
    --- Ex. 오십육 달러예요. [O-ship-yuk dal-leo-ye-yo.] = 56 dollars.
  • 점심 [jeo-shim] = lunch
  • 특별 [teuk-byeol] = special
  • 점심 특별 [jeom-shim teuk-byeol] = lunch special
  • 아침 [a-chim] = breakfast; morning
  • 저녁 [jeo-nyeok] = dinner
  • 세트 [se-teu] = set; combo
  • 식당 [shik-dang] = restaurant
  • 싸다 [ssa-da] = to be cheap (DF)
  • 비싸다 [bi-ssa-da] = to be expensive (DF)
  • - Allowance
  • 세뱃돈 [se-baet-don] = money you get on New Years
  • 용돈 [yong-don] = allowance
  • 남은돈 [nam-eun-don] = balance
  • 들어온돈 [deul-eo-on-don] = income
  • 돈 [don] = money
  • 세차 [se-cha] = washing car
  • 설가지 [seol-ga-ji] = washing dishes
  • 나간돈 [na-gan-don] = expense
  • 잠지책 [jam-ji-chaek] = magazine
  • 기입장 [ki-ip-jang] = keeping book (to track your budget)
  • 심부름 [shim-bu-leum] = errands; chores
  • - Days of the Week
  • sino + 일 [il] = _ day
    --- Ex. 삼일 [sam-il] = 3rd day
  • sino + 월 [weol] = _ month
    --- Ex. 시월 [shi-weol] = 10th month; October (exception)
    --- Ex. 팔월 오일 [pal-weol o-il] = August 5th
  • 일요일 [il-yo-il] = Sunday
  • 월요일 [weol-yo-il] = Monday
  • 화요일 [hwa-yo-il] = Tuesday
  • 수요일 [su-yo-il] = Wednesday
  • 목요일 [mok-yo-il] = Thursday
  • 금요일 [geum-yo-il] = Friday
  • 토요일 [to-yo-il] = Saturday
  • - Happy Birthday Song
    생일축하합니다. [Saeng-il-chuk-ha-ham-ni-da]
    생일축하합니다. [Saeng-il-chuk-ha-ham-ni-da]
    사랑하는 (이름-이/씨). [Sa-rang-ha-neun (i-leum-i/ssi) (Name+i/ssi)] *
    생일축하합니다. [Saeng-il-chuk-ha-ham-ni-da]

    *Use 이 for those younger than you. Use 씨 for those you are not too close with or for those older than you.

    - Others
  • 그리고 [geu-li-go] = and
  • 축하 [chuk-ha] = congratulation
  • 보기 [bo-gi] = example
  • 제 [suk-je] = homework
  • 축하하다 [chuk-ha-ha-da] = to congratulate (DF)
  • 너 [neo] = you (informal)
  • 생일 [saeng-il] = birthday
  • 지작 [ji-jak] = perception
  • 동생 [dong-saeng] = younger sibling
  • 당신 [dang-shin] = you (said to someone close to you)
  • 몇 [myeot] = which (question word concerning numbers)
  • 선물 [seon-mul] = present; gift
  • 사랑하다 [sa-rang-ha-da] = to love
  • 래 [no-rae] = song
  • 출석 [chul-seok] = attendance
  • - Phrases
  • 성함이 어떻게 되세요? [Seong-ham-i eo-ddeoh-ke dwe-se-yo?] = What is your name? (HF)
  • 어느 나라 사람이에요? [Eo-neu na-ra sa-ram-i-e-yo?] = What is your nationality?
  • 처음 뵙겠습니다. [Cheo-eum bwep-kess-seum-ni-da.] = Nice to meet you for the first time.
  • word + 이/가 뭐예요? [e/ga mwo-ye-yo?] = What is (word)?
    --- Ex. '까꿍'이 뭐예요? ['Kka-kkung'-i mwo-ye-yo?] = What is '까꿍'?
    ------ 까꿍 [kka-kkung] = equivalent to the English 'peek-a-boo'; used often when playing with babies
  • Oct 6, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Reading Activities/Extra Reading 2
    - Nations
  • 한국 [han-guk] = South Korea
    --- 한국어/한국말 [han-guk-eo/han-guk-mal] = Korean language
    --- 서을 [Se-eul] = Seoul
    --- 원 [weon] = South Korean won
  • 프랑스 [Peu-rang-seu] = France
    --- 프랑스어 [Peu-rang-seu-eo] = French language
    --- 파리 [Pa-ri] = Paris
    --- 유로 [yu-ro] = French euro
  • 일본 [Il-bon] = Japan
    --- 일본어 [Il-bon-eo] = Japanese
    --- 도쿄 [To-kyo] = Tokyo
    --- 엔 [yen] = Japanese yen
  • 미국 [Mi-guk] = United States
    --- 영어 [yeong-eo] = English
    --- 워싱턴 [Weo-shing-teon] = Washington
    --- 달러 [dal-leo] = American dollar
  • 브라질 [Beu-ra-jil] = Brazil
    --- 포르투갈어 [Po-leu-tu-kal-eo] = Portuguese
    --- 브라질리아 [Beu-ra-jil-li-a] = Brasilia
    --- 레알 [re-al] = Brazilian real
  • 호주 [Ho-ju] = Australia
    --- 영어 [yeong-eo] = English
    --- 캔버라 [Kaen-beo-la] = Canberra
    --- 호주 달러 [Ho-ju dal-leo] = Australian dollar
  • 홍콩 [Hong-kong] = Hong Kong
  • 필리핀 [Pil-li-pin] = Philippine
  • 베트남 [Be-teu-nam] = Vietnam
  • 타이완 [Ta-i-wan] = Taiwan
  • 영국 [Yeong-guk] = United Kingdom
  • 중국 [Jung-guk] = China
  • 약 [yak] = approximately; about
  • 인구 [in-gu] = population
  • 백만 [baek-man] = one million
  • 천만 [cheon-man] = ten million
  • 억 [eok] = one hundred million
  • 수도 [su-do] = capital
  • 언어 [eon-eo] = language
  • 국적 [guk-jeok] = nationality
  • 화폐단위 [hwa-pye-dan-wi] = currency
  • 화폐 [hwa-pye] = currency
  • 국가명 [guk-ga-myeong] = nation
  • Oct 7, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Usage/Speaking Activities
    --- Introduced yourself and the person sitting next to you
    - Assigned groups for skit


    Oct 10, 2011
    - Lesson 1 Midterm #1


    Oct 11, 2011
    - Lesson 2: Grammar
    --- Learning campus vocabulary and location of objects


    Oct 12, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Quiz #2/New Expressions
    - Campus Vocabulary
  • 학교 식당 [hak-gyi shik-dang] = school cafeteria
  • 도서관 [do-seo-gwan] = library
  • 캠퍼스 [kaem-peo-seu] = campus
    --- sino + 층 [cheung] = _ floor/layer
    ------ Ex. 팔층 [pal-cheung] = 8th floor
  • 학교 [hak-gyo] = school
  • 우체국 [u-che-guk] = post office
  • 대학교 [dae-hak-gyo] = university; college
  • 식당 [shik-dang] = restaurant
  • 학생 회관 [hak-saeng hwe-gwan] = student center
  • 기숙사 [ki-suk-sa] = dormitory
  • 책방 [chaek-bang] = bookstore
  • 서점 [seo-jeom] = bookstore
    --- This is used more often than 책방 [chaek-bang].
  • 유니온 빌딩 [Yu-ni-on Bil-ding] = Union Building
  • 대학 캠퍼스 [dae-hak kaem-peo-seu] = college campus
  • 운동장 [un-dong-jang] = playground
  • 빌딩 [bil-ding] = building
  • 은행 [eun-haeng] = bank
  • 주차장 [ju-cha-jang] = parking lot
  • 가이젤 도서관 [Ka-i-jel Do-seo-gwan] = Geisel Library (in UCSD)
  • 교실 [gyo-shil] = classroom
  • 한국어 교실 [han-guk-eo gyo-shil] = Korean classroom
  • 오피스 [o-pi-seu] = office
  • 아파트 [a-pa-teu] = apartment
  • 판다 익스레스 [Pan-da Ik-seu-re-seu] = Panda Express
  • 타피오카 익스레스 [Ta-pi-o-ka Ik-seu-re-seu] = Tapioca Express
  • 버거 킹 [Beo-keo King] = Burger King
  • 서브웨 [Seo-beu-we] = Subway
  • 프라이스 센터 [Peu-ra-i-seu Sen-teo] = Price Center (in UCSD)
  • 스타벅스 [Seu-ta-beok-seu] = Starbucks
  • - Student Material
  • 의자 [ui-ja] = chair
  • 책 [chaek] = book
  • 가방 [ka-bang] = bag
  • 책상 [chaek-sang] = desk
  • 시계 [shi-kye] = clock; watch
  • 공책 [gong-chaek] = notebook
  • 교과서 [gyo-gwa-seo] = textbook
  • 우산 [u-san] = umbrella
  • 문 [mun] = door
  • 창문 [chang-mun] = window
  • 칠판 [chil-pan] = blackboard
  • 지우개 [ji-u-kae] = eraser
  • 컴퓨터 [keom-pyu-teo] = computer
  • 필통 [pil-tong] = pencil case
  • - Adjectives
  • 좋다 [joh-da] = to be good (DF)
    --- 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] = good (PF)
  • 괜찮다 [gwen-chah-da] = to be fine/okay/all right (DF)
    --- 괜찮아요 [gwen-chanh-a-yo] = be fine/okay (PF)
  • 넓다 [neolb-da] = to be spacious/wide (DF)
    --- 넓어요 [neolb-eo-yo] = be spacious; wide (PF)
  • 많다 [manh-da] = to be many/much (DF)
    --- 많아요 [manh-a-yo] = be many (PF)
  • 크다 [keu-da] = to be big (DF)
    --- 커요 [keo-yo] = be big (PF)
  • 있다 [iss-da] = to be (exist)
    --- 있어요 [iss-eo-yo] = exist (PF)
  • 어떻다 [eo-ddeh-da] = to be how? (DF)
    --- 어때요 [eo-ddae-yo] = how (PF)
  • 싸다 [ssa-da] = to be cheap (DF)
    --- 싸요 [ssa-yo] = be cheap (PF)
  • 맛있다 [mas-i-ss-da] = to be tasty (DF)
    --- 맛있어요 [mas-iss-seo-yo] = be tasty/delicious (PF)
  • 잘 지내다 [jal ji-nae-da] = to be good (DF)
    --- 잘 지내요 [jal ji-nae-yo] = be good (PF)
  • 그저 그랬다 [geu-jeo geu-laess-da] = to be so-so (DF)
    --- 그저 그래요 [geu-jeo geu-lae-yo] = so-so (PF)
  • 좀 바빠요 [jom ba-bba-yo] = busy (PF)
  • 보통이에요 [bo-tong-i-e-yo] = so-so (PF)
  • 별로예요 [byeol-lo-ye-yo] = not very good (PF)
  • 나빠요 [na-bba-yo] = bad; poor (PF)- Verbs
  • 알다 [al-da] = to know (DF)
    --- 알아요 [al-a-yo] = know (PF)
  • 싫어하다 [shilh-eo-ha-da] = to hate (DF)
    --- 싫어요 [shilh-eo-yo] = hate (PF)
  • 모르다 [mo-leu-da] = to not know (DF)
    --- 몰라요 [mol-la-yo] = not know (PF)
    --- 모르세요 [mo-leu-se-yo] = Do you know? (HF)
  • 먹다 [meok-da] = to eat (DF)
    --- 먹어요 [meok-eo-yo] = eat (PF)
  • 앉다 [anj-da] = to sit (DF)
    --- 앉아요 [anj-a-yo] = sit (PF)
  • 하다 [ha-da] = to do (DF)
    --- 해요 [hae-yo] = do (PF)
  • 숙제하다 [suk-je-ha-da] = to do homework (DF)
    --- 숙제해요 [suk-je-hae-yo] = do homework (PF)
  • 가다 [ka-da] = to go (DF)
    --- 가요 [ka-yo] = go (PF)
  • - Location
  • 앞 [ap] = front
    --- Ex. 칠판은 책상 앞에 있어요. [Chil=pan-eun chaek-sang ap-e iss-eo-yo.] = The blackboard is in front of the desk.
  • 뒤 [dwi] = behind
    --- Ex. 의자 뒤에는 문이 있어요. [Ui-ja dwi-e-neun mun-i iss-eo-yo.] = Behind the chair is the door.
  • 옆 [yeop] = next to; beside
    --- Ex. 컴퓨터는 퍼린터 옆에 있어요. [Keom-pyu-teo-neun peo-lin-teo yeop-e iss-eo-yo.] = The computer is next to the printer.
    --- 오른쪽 [o-leun-jjok] = right side
    ------ Ex. 스타벅스는 서브웨 오른쪽에 있어요. [Seu-ta-beok-seu-neun seo-beu-we o-leun-jjok-e iss-eo-yo.] = Starbucks is to the right of Subway.
    --- 왼쪽 [win-jjok] = left side
    ------ Ex. 책방 왼쪽에는 랍이 있어요. [Chaek-hang win-jjok-e-neun lab-e iss-eo-yo.] = To the left of the bookstore is the lab.
  • 위 [wi] = above; top
    --- Ex. 책 위에 사과는 있어요. [Chaek wi-e sa-gwa-neun iss-eo-yo.] = Above the book is the apple.
  • 밑 [mit] = underneath (close proximity)
    --- Ex. 가방은 책상 밑에 있어요. [Ka-bang-eun chaek-sang mit-e iss-eo-yo.] = The bag is underneath the desk.
  • 안 [an] = inside
    --- Ex. 교과서는 가방 안에 있어요. [Gyo-gwa-se-neun ka-bang an-e iss-eo-yo.] = The textbook is inside the bag.
  • 사이 [sa-i] = between
    --- Ex. 시계는 책장 와 우산 사이에 있어요. [Shi-gye-neun chaek-jang wa u-san sa-i-e iss-eo-yo.] = The clock is between the bookshelf and the umbrella.
  • 아래 [a-rae] = under; below (farther from object)
    --- Ex. 학생 회관은 도서관 아래에 있어요. [Hak-saeng hwe-gwan-eun do-seo-gwan a-rae-e iss-eo-yo.] = The student center is below the library.

    **must add 에 [e] after location
    **must use 있어요 [iss-eo-yo] at the end to state that the topic exists
  • - Food
  • 아침 [a-chim] = breakfast; morning
  • 커피 [keo-pi] = coffee
  • 음침 [eum-chim] = food
  • 사과 [sa-gwa] = apple
  • - Others
  • 어 [eo] = oh
  • 아주 [a-ju] = very; really
  • 참 [cham] = truly; really
  • 어디 [eo-di] = where
  • 어떻게 [eo-ddeoh-ke] = how
  • 저어 [jeo-eo] = uh (expression of hesitation)
  • 그리고 [geu-ri-go] = and (combining sentences)
    --- Ex. 대학교는 넓어요. 그리고 학생이 많아요. [Dae-hak-gyo-neun neolb-eo-yo. Geu-ri-go hak-saeng-i manh-a-yo.] = The university is spacious. And has many students.
  • -에 [-e] = in, at, on (indicates static location)
    --- Location particle added to the end of a location word
  • -어요 [eo-yo] = polite ending added to adjectives and verbs that don’t end in 아 [a] or 오 [o]
    --- Ex. 크다 [keu-da] (DF) = 커요 [keo-yo] (PF)
  • -아요 [-a-yo] = polite ending added to adjective and verbs that end in 아 [a] or 오 [o]
    --- Ex. 좋다 [joh-da] (DF) = 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] (PF)
  • 상자 [sang-ja] = box
  • 요즘 [yo-jeum] = these days
  • 디렉터 [dl-rek-teo] = director
  • 와 [wa] = and
    --- Used between two nouns, the latter ending in a vowel
  • 과 [gwa] = and
    --- Used between two nouns, the latter ending in a consonant
  • Oct 13, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Listening Comprehension
    - Practice location of objects/places
    - My Girlfriend is a Gumiho
  • 구슬 [gu-seul] = bead
  • 구미호 [gu-mi-ho] = nine-tailed fox
  • 여자친구 [yeo-ja-chin-gu] = girlfriend
  • 예쁘다 [ye-bbeu-da] = to be pretty (DF)
    --- 예뻐요 [ye-bbeo-yo] = be pretty (PF)
  • - Adjective
  • 춥다 [chub-da] = to be cold
    --- 추워요 [chu-weo-yo] = be cold
  • 따뜻하다 [dda-ddeut-ha-da] = to be warm
    --- 따뜻해요 [dda-ddeut-hae-yo] = be warm
  • 덥다 [deob-da] = to be hot
    --- 더워요 [deo-weo-yo] = be hot
  • 시원하다 [shi-weon-ha-da] = to be cool
    --- 시원해요 [shi-weon-hae-yo] = be cool
  • 재미있다 [jae-mi-iss-da] = to be fun
    --- 재미있어요 [jae-mi-iss-eo-yo] = be fun
  • 어렵다 [eo-lyeob-da] = to be difficult
    --- 어려워요 [eo-leo-weo-yo] = be difficult
  • 쉽다 [swib-da] = to be easy
    --- 쉬워요 [swi-weo-yo] = be easy
  • 작다 [jak-da] = to be small
    --- 작아요 [jak-a-yo] = be small
  • 지루하다 [ji-lu-ha-da] = to be bored
    --- 지루해요 [ji-lu-hae-yo] = be bored
  • - Others
  • native + 시 [shi] = for telling time (hour)
    --- Ex. 지금 한시예요. [Ji-geum han-shi-ye-yo.] = Right now, it is 1 o’clock.
    --- 한 [han], 두 [du], 세 [se], 네 [ne] = must use shortened versions of 1, 2, 3, 4 (하나 [ha-na], 둘 [dul], 셋 [set], 넷 [net])
  • 운동장 [un-dong-jang] = gym
  • 안테나 [an-te-na] = antenna
  • 텔레비전 [tel-le-bi-jeon] = television
  • 신문 [shin-mun] = newspaper
  • 사전 [sa-jeon] = dictionary
  • 극장 [geuk-jang] = theater
  • 화장실 [hwa-jang-shil] = bathroom
  • 백화점 [baek-hwa-jeom] = department store
  • 날씨 [nal-ssi] = weather
  • 수업 [su-eop] = class
  • 정말 [jeong-mal] = really
  • Oct 14, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Usage/Speaking Activities
    - More practice with locations
    - Places
  • 잠바 쥬스 [Jam-ba Jyu-seu] = Jamba Juice
  • 커피 빈 [Keo-pi Bin] = Coffee Bean
  • 세븐 일레븐 [Se-beun Il-le-beun] = 7-11 (Seven-Eleven)
  • - Room
  • 방 [bang] = room
  • 침대 [chim-dae] = bed
  • 책장 [chaek-jang] = bookshelf
  • 소파 [so-pa] = sofa
  • 탁자 [tak-ja] = table
  • ?장 [oj-jang] = closet
  • 스탠드 [seu-taen-deu] = lamp
  • 피아노 [pi-a-no] = piano
  • - Others
  • 사거리 [sa-geo-li] = intersection
  • - Played 3-6-9 game with Sino numbers
    How to Play
  • Each person says a number in sequential order. If the number contains a 3, 6, or 9, you don’t say the number. Instead, you clap however many times those three numbers appear in your number. For example, if your number is 33, then you clap twice.
  • Ex. 일, 이, *clap*, 사, 오, *clap*, 칠, 팔, *clap*, 십, 십일, 십이, *clap*, 십사, 십오, *clap*, 십칠, 십팔, *clap*, 이십, etc.
    --- 1, 2, *clap*, 4, 5, *clap*, 7, 8, *clap*, 10, 11, 12, *clap*, 14, 15, *clap*, 17, 18, *clap*, 20, etc.
  • Oct 17, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Reading Comprehension/Dictation/Extra Reading 1
    - 있어요 vs. 이에요/예요
  • In Korean, 이에요 [i-e-yo] /예요 [ye-yo] is used for identification.
    --- Ex. 식당은 유니온 빌딩에 있어요. [Shik-dang-eun Yu-ni-on Bil-ding-e iss-eo-yo.] = Right
    --- Ex. 식당은 유니온 빌딩 이에요. [Shik-dang-eun Yu-ni-on Bil-ding i-e-yo.] = Wrong
  • In Korean, 있어요 [iss-eo-yo] is used for existence.
    --- Ex. 저는 학생이에요. [Jeo-neun hak-saeng-i-e-yo.] = Right
    --- Ex. 저는 학생 있어요. [Jeo-neun hak-saeng iss-eo-yo.] = Wrong
  • They aren’t interchangeable.
  • - Vocabulary
  • 어때요? [Eo-ddae-yo?] = How is ____?; How about ____?
  • 관찮아요. [Gwen-chanh-a-yo.] = It’s ok; It’s not bad
  • 뭐 [mwo] = what
    --- Ex. 이름이 뭐예요? [I-leum-i mwo-ye-yo?] = What is the/your name?
    --- Ex. 전화 번호가 뭐예요? [Jeon-hwa beon-ho-ka mwo-ye-yo?] = What is the/your phone number?
    --- Ex. 이게 뭐예요? [I-ke mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this?
    --- Ex. 뭐 해요? [Mwo hae-yo?] = What are you doing?; What do you do?
  • 그리고 [geu-ri-go] = and (connects two sentences)
    --- Ex. 학교 식당 음식은 아주 싸요. 그리고 맛있어요. [Hak-gyo shik-dang eum-shik-eun a-ju ssa-yo. Geu-ri-go mas-iss-eo-yo.] = The school cafeteria food is really expensive. And delicious.
  • - Room
  • 라디오 [ra-di-o] = radio
  • 야구 [ya-gu] = baseball
  • 장갑 [jang-kap] = glove
  • 야구장갑 [ya-gu-jang-kap] = baseball glove
  • 티셔츠 [teu-syeo-cheu] = T-shirt
  • 하고 [ha-go] = and
    --- Between two nouns; more for objects than people
  • - House
  • 거실 [keo-shil] = living room
  • 누나 방 [nu-na bang] = older sister’s room
  • 손님방 [son-nim-bang] = guest room
  • 욕실 [yok-shil] = bathroom
  • 일층 [il-cheung] = 1st floor
  • 이층 [i-cheung] = 2nd floor
  • 마당 [ma-dang] = yard; lot
  • 안방 [an-bang] = master bedroom
  • 우리 [u-ri] = our
  • 리 집 [u-ri jib] = our house
  • 집 [jib] = house
  • 제 방 [je bang] = my room
  • 차고 [cha-go] = garage
  • 부엌 [bu-eok] = kitchen
  • 이층집 [i-cheung-jib] = 2-story house
  • 화장실 [hwa-jang-shil] = bathroom
  • - 'Monkey's Butt is Red' Song
  • 길다 [gil-da] = to be long (DF)
  • 높다 [nop-da] = to be high (DF)
  • 빨르다 [bbal-leu-da] = to be fast (DF)
  • 빨갛다 [bbal-rah-da] = to be red (DF)
  • 긴 건 [gin keon] = the thing that is long
  • 높은 건 [nop-eun keon] = the thing that is high
  • 맛있는 건 [mas-iss-neun keon] = the thing that is delicious
  • 빠른 건 [bba-leun keon] = the thing that is fast
  • 간 건 [bbal-kan keon] = the thing that is red
  • 바나나 [ba-na-na] = banana
  • 백두산 [Baek-Du-san] = Baek Du Mountain
  • 산 [san] = mountain
  • 기차 [ki-cha] = train
  • 원숭이 [weon-sung-i] = monkey
  • 비행기 [bi-haeng-ki] = airplane
  • 사과 [sa-gwa] = apple
  • 엉덩이 [eong-deong-i] = butt; hip
  • 원숭이 엉덩이는 빨개. 원숭이 엉덩이는 빨개. 빨간 건 사과. 사과는 맛있어. 맛있는 건 바나나. 바나나는 길어. 긴 건 기차. 기차는 빨라. 빠른 건 비행기. 비행기는 높아. 높은 건 백두산.

    --- The monkey’s butt is red. The monkey’s butt is red. The thing that is red is an apple. Apples are delicious. The thing that is delicious is a banana. Bananas are long. The thing that is long is a train. Trains are fast. The thing that is fast is an airplane. Airplanes are high. That thing that is high is Baek Du Mountain.
  • Oct 18, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Reading Activties/Extra Reading 2
    - Changing Words from Dictionary Form to Verb Form
  • To change a verb from dictionary to verb form, or infinitive form, replace 다 [da] with 기 [gi].
    --- Ex. 먹다 [meok-da] = 먹기 [meok-ki] => to eat = eating
    --- Adding 기 [gi] is like adding -ing to the end of a verb in English
  • - Changing Words from Dictionary Form to Polite Form
  • To change from dictionary form to polite form:
    --- If the word ends in an '아' [a] or '오' [o] (without 다 [da]), replace 다 [da] with 아요 [a-yo].
    ------ Ex. 앉다 [anj-da] = 앉아요 [anj-a-yo] = to sit
    --- If the word ends in an '애' [ae] (without 다 [da]), replace 다 [da] with 애요 [ae-yo].
    ------ Ex. 싫다 [shilh-da] = 싫어요 [shilh-eo-yo] = to hate/dislike
    --- If the word ends in any other vowels (without 다 [da]), replace 다 [da] with 어요 [eo-yo].
    ------ Ex. 숙제하다 [suk-je-ha-da] = 숙제해요 [suk-je-hae-yo] = to do homework
  • If the word already ends in the replacement vowel, you just add 요 [yo].
    --- Ex. 가다 [ka-da] = 가요 [ka-yo] = to go
  • If the word ends in a vowel only character, then vowel contraction occurs.
    --- Ex. 오다 [o-da] = 와요 [wa-yo] = to come
    ------ 오아요 [o-a-yo] = Wrong
    ** More on vowel contractions later on
  • - Verbs
  • 물어보다 [mul-eo-bo-da] = to ask (DF)
  • 준비하다 [jun-bi-ha-da] = to prepare (DF)
  • 허락하다 [heo-lak-ha-da] = to permit (DF)
  • 허락받다 [heo-lak-bat-da] = to get permission (DF)
  • 초대하다 [cho-dae-ha-da] = to invite (DF)
  • 전화하다 [jeon-hwa-ha-da] = to call (DF)
  • 정하다 [jeong-ha-da] = to decide (DF)
  • 보내다 [bo-nae-da] = to send (DF)
  • 장보다 [jang-bo-da] = to shop (DF)
  • 꾸미다 [kku-mi-da] = to decorate (DF)
  • 결혼하다 [kyeol-hon-ha-da] = to marry (DF)
  • 오다 [o-da] = to come (DF)
  • 가다 [ka-da] = to go (DF)
  • - Party
  • 파티 [pa-ti] = party
  • 초대장 [cho-dae-jang] = invitation card
  • 게임 [ge-im] = game
  • 점검표 [jeon-keon-pyo] = checklist
  • 표 [pyo] = table
  • 날짜 [nal-jja] = date (when)
  • 장소 [jang-so] = place; location
  • 재미있다 [jae-mi-iss-da] = to be fun/interesting (DF)
  • 부모님 [bu-mo-nim] = parents
  • 부 [bu] = father
  • 모 [mo] = mother
  • -님 [nim] = honorific suffix added to the end of a person noun
    --- Ex. 선생님 [seon-saeng-nim] = teacher
  • 음식 [eum-shik] = food
  • 종류 [jong-lyu] = kind; type
    --- Ex. 음식 종류 [eum-shik jong-lyu] = kind of food
  • 친구 [chin-gu] = friend
  • 집 [jib] = house
  • 끝나다 [kkeut-na-da] = to finish (DF)
  • 후 [hu] = after
    --- Ex. 네시 후 [ne-shi hu] = after 4 o'clock
  • 이야기 [i-ya-gi] = story
  • - Wedding
  • 신랑 [shin-rang] = groom
  • 신부 [shin-bu] = bride
  • 언제 [eon-je] = when
  • 어디에서 [eo-di-e-seo] = where; location
    **More of 에서 [e-seo] later
  • 교회 [gyo-hwe] = church
  • 결혼 [kyeol-hon] = wedding; marriage
  • 결혼식 [kyeon-hon-shik] = wedding ceremony
  • event + 식 [shik] = ceremony
  • 부부 [bu-bu] = husband and wife
  • 청첩장 [cheong-chem-jang] = wedding invitation
  • 결혼 선물 [kyeol-hon seon-mul] = wedding gift
  • 결혼 반지 [kyeol-hon ban-ji] = wedding ring
  • 반지 [ban-ji] = ring (accessory)
  • 피로연 [pi-lo-yeon] = reception
  • 하객 [ha-gaek] = wedding guest
  • 믿음 [mid-eum] = faith; trust; belief
  • 믿다 [mit-da] = to believe (DF)
  • 신혼 여행 [shin-hon yeo-haeng] = honeymoon
  • 여행 [yeo-haeng] = trip; vacation
  • 손님 [son-nim] = restaurant guest
  • 연인 [yeon-in] = lovers
  • 한가정을 이루다 [han-ga-jeong i-lu-da] = to become a family
  • 가정 [ga-jeong] = family
  • 사랑 [sa-rang] = love
  • 축복해주다 [chuk-bok-hae-ju-da] = to give blessing
  • - Wedding Phrases
  • 초대합니다. [Cho-dae-ham-ni-da.] = You are invited.
  • 결혼해줄래? [Kyeol-hon-hae-jul-lae?] = Will you marry me?
  • - Time
  • 오전 [o-jeon] = am; morning
    --- Ex. 오전 네시 [o-jeon ne-shi] = 4am
  • 오후 [o-hu] = pm; evening
    --- Ex. 오후 열한시 [o-hu yeol-han-shi] = 11pm
  • 밤 [bam] = evening; night
  • 낮 [nat] = afternoon
  • 아침 [a-chim] = morning; breakfast
  • 저녁 [jeo-nyeok] = evening; dinner
  • - Others
  • 무슨 [mu-seun] = what
  • 아트 [a-teu] = art
  • 카드 [ka-deu] = card
  • Oct 19, 2011
    - Voice Over (Practice 1)
    - Sorry, I Love You (미안하다 사랑한다) (2004)
  • 무조건 [mu-jo-keon] = all the time
  • 아저씨 [a-jeo-ssi] = old man
  • 아줌마 [a-jum-ma] = old woman
  • 불쌍하다 [bul-ssang-ha-da] = to be poor (DF)
  • 깡패 [kkang-pae] = ruffian
  • 갈치 [kal-chi] = cutlass/hairtail fish
  • 갈치조림 [kal-chi-jo-lim] = boiled hairtail (type of fish)
  • 구구셈 [gu-gu-sem] = multiplication
  • 똑똑하다 [ddok-ddok-ha-da] = to be smart (DF)
  • 네 [ne] = you (Informal)
  • 참 맛있습니다. [Cham mas-iss-seum-ni-da.] = It is very delicious.
  • 멋져요. [Meot-jyeo-yo.] = It is great. (PF)
  • Oct 20, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Writing Activities
    - Room
  • 의자 [ui-ja] = chair
  • 소파 [so-pa] = sofa
  • 스탠드 [seu-taen-deu] = stand; lamp
  • 욕실 [yok-shil] = bathroom
  • 텔레비전 [tel-le-bi-jeon] = television
  • 거울 [keo-ul] = mirror
  • 벽 [byeok] = wall
  • 책상 [chaek-sang] = deak
  • 침대 [chim-dae] = bed
  • 넓다 [neolb-da] = to be spacious (DF)
  • 좋다 [joh-da] = to be good (DF)
  • 싸다 [ssa-da] = to be cheap (DF)
  • 비싸다 [bi-ssa-da] = to be expensive (DF)
  • 좁다 [job-da] = to be small/not spacious (DF)
  • 보통이다 [bo-tong-i-da] = to be so-so (DF)
  • 별로다 [byeol-lo-da] = to be not good (DF)
  • 아주 [a-ju] = really; very
  • 참 [cham] = really; truly
  • 호텔 [ho-tel] = hotel
  • 인 [in] = inn
  • - Others
  • 내일 [nae-il] = tomorrow
  • 맥주 [maek-ju] = beer
  • ____ + 가 [ka] = street
    --- You can differentiate this from the subject particle 가 (ga) by seeing if there's a location particle 에 (e) that follows.
    ------ Ex. 꽃가게는 센추럴가에 있어요. [Kkot-ka-ke-neun Sen-chu-leol-ka-e iss-eo-yo.] = The flower shop is at Central Street.
  • 센추럴가 [Sen-chu-leol-ka] = Central Street
  • 병원 [byeon-weon] = hospital
  • 꽃 [kkot] = flower
  • 꽃가게 [kkot-ka-ke] = flower shop
  • 가게 [ka-ke] = store; shop
  • 대사관 [dae-sa-gwan] = embassy
  • 전화번호 [jeon-hwa-beon-ho] = phone number
  • 호 [ho] = number
    --- Ex. 우리 집은 삼일이호예요. [U-ri jib-eun sam-il-i-ho-ye-yo.] = Our house number is 312.
  • - There are two ways to list objects:
  • ____ 하고 [ha-go] ____ 하고 [ha-go] ____ 하고 [ha-go]
    --- Ex. 가방 하고 비빔밥 하고 세뱃돈 [ka-bang ha-go bi-bim-bap ha-go se-baet-don] = bag and mixed vegetable rice and money from New Years
  • ____, _____, 하고 [ha-go] ____
    --- Ex. 일요일, 화요일, 하고 금요일 [il-yo-il, hwa-yo-il, ha-go geum-yo-il] = Sunday, Tuesday, and Friday
  • Oct 21, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Usage/Speaking Activites (Skit Perforamce 1)

    Oct 24, 2011
    - Lesson 2 Midterm #2

    Oct 25, 2011
    - Lesson 3: Grammar
    - Possession
  • 있다 [iss-da] = to have
    --- Usually follows after a noun + 이/가 [i/ga]
    --- Ex. 동생이 있어요? [Dong-saeng-i iss-eo-yo?] = Do you have a younger sibling?
  • 있다 [iss-da] = to be of existence
    --- Usually follows after a place + 에 [e]
    --- Ex. 대학교 앞에 있어요. [Dae-hak-kyo ap-e iss-eo-yo.] = It is in front of the university.
  • 없다 [eobs-da] = to not have
    --- Ex. 동생이 없어요. [Dong-saeng-i eobs-eo-yo.] = I don't have a younger sibling.
  • 없다 [eobs-da] = to not be of existence
    --- Ex. 서점 안에 없어요. [Seo-jeom an-e eobs-eo-yo.] = It is not in the bookstore.
  • - Honorific Form
  • Change dictionary form to honorific form by replacing 다 [da] with (으)세요.
    --- If the dictionary form (without 다 [da]) ends in a vowel, use 세요.
    ------ Ex. 계세요 [kye-se-yo] = existence (HF)
    --- If the dictionary form (without 다 [da]) ends in a consonant, use 으세요.
    ------ Ex. 있다 [iss-da] = 있으세요 [iss-eu-se-yo] = possession (HF)
  • - Object Particle
  • Must indicate the object of the verb
  • If the object ends in a consonant, use 을 [eul] after the object.
    --- Ex. 저는 아침을 먹어요. [Jeo-neun a-chim-eul meok-eo-yo.] = I am eating breakfast.
  • If the object ends in a vowel, use 를 [reul] after the object.
    --- Ex. 친구를 만나요. [Chin-hu-reul man-na-yo.] = I am meeting friends.
  • - In Korean, the basic sentence structure is: Subject + Object + Verb.
    - Omission of Particles
  • Subject and object markers (은/는/이/가/을/를) are frequently omitted in conversation.
  • A particle is necessary when the speaker wants to focus on a specific element the speaker is not thinking about.
    --- Ex. 부모님이 어디 계세요? [Bu-mo-nim-i eo-di kye-se-yo?] = 부모님 어디 계세요? [Bu-mo-nim eo-di kye-se-yo?] = Where are your parents?
    --- Ex. 선생님: 누가 테니스를 차요? [Seon-saeng-nim: Nu-ga te-ni-seu-reul cha-yo?] = 선생님: 누가 테니스 차요? [Seon-saeng-nim: Nu-ga te-ni-seu cha-yo?] = Teacher: Who plays tennis?
    --- 학생: 스티브가 테니스를 차요. [Hak-saeng: Seu-ti-beu-ga te-ni-seu-reul cha-yo.] = 학생: 스티브가 테니스 차요. [Hak-saeng: Seu-ti-beu-ga te-ni-seu cha-yo.] = Student: Steve plays tennis.
    ------ Must keep 가 (ga) in 스티브가 (Seu-ti-beu-ga) because the teacher asked who so you must have the marker.
  • - 은, 는, 도, 만
  • 은 [eun], 는 [neun], and 도[do] are used when comparing things
    --- 은 [eun] and 는 [neun] are used when the things being compared are different.
    ------ Ex.티파니는 미국 사람이에요. [Ti-pa-ni-neun mi-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.] = Tiffany is America.
    ------ 태연은 한국 사람이에요. [Tae-yeon-eun han-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.] = Taeyeon is Korean.
    --- 도 [do] is used when the things being compared are the same.
    ------ Ex.사라는 삼학년이에요. [Sa-ra-neun sam-hak-nyeon-i-e-yo.] = Sarah is a junior.
    ------ 저도 삼학년이에요. [Jeo-do sam-hak-nyeon-i-e-yo.] = I am also a junior.
  • 만 [man] = only
    --- Ex. 한국어 교실만 일층에 있어요. [Han-guk-eo gyo-shil-man il-cheung-e iss-eo-yo.] = Only the Korean classroom is on the first floor.
  • - Food
  • 과일 [gwa-il] = fruit
  • 빵 [bbang] = bread
  • 불고기 [bul-go-gi] = marinated barbeque beef
  • 주스 [ju-seu] = juice
  • 밥 [bab] = rice; meal
  • 김치찌개 [kim-chi-jji-gae] = kimchi soup
  • 된장찌개 [dwen-jang-jji-gae] = soybean soup
  • 찌개 [jji-gae] = soup
  • 비빔밥 [bi-bim-bab] = mixed vegetable rice (like fried rice without meat)
  • 피자 [pi-ja] = pizza
  • 커피 [keo-pi] = coffee
  • - Verbs
  • 타다 [ta-da] = to ride (DF)
  • 보다 [bo-da] = to see/watch/look (DF)
  • 공부하다 [gong-bu-ha-da] = to study (DF)
  • 요리하다 [yo-ri-ha-da] = to cook (DF)
  • 쇼핑하다 [syo-ping-ha-da] = to shop (DF)
  • 치다 [chi-da] = to play (DF)
  • - Others
  • 테니스 [te-ni-seu] = tennis
  • 차 [cha] = car; tea
  • 하와이 [Ha-wa-i] = Hawaii
  • 시간 [shi-gan] = time
  • 지우개 [ji-u-gae] = eraser
  • 연필 [yeon-pil] = pencil
  • 모자 [mo-ja] = hat
  • 나무 [na-mu] = tree
  • 전화기 [jeon-hwa-gi] = cell phone
  • 안경 [an-kyeong] = glasses
  • 할아버지 [hal-a-beo-ji] = grandfather (father's father)
  • 옷 [ot] = cloth; clothes
  • 영화 [yeong-hwa] = movie
  • 자전거 [ja-jeon-geo] = car
  • 주어 [ju-eo] = subject
  • 목적어 [mok-jeok-eo] = object
  • 동사 [dong-sa] = verb
  • - Common Mistakes
  • 좋다 [joh-da] = 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] = to be good
  • 좋아하다 [joh-a-ha-da] = 좋아해요 [joh-a-hae-yo] = to like
  • 사라요 [sa-la-yo] = Wrong
    --- 살아요 [sal-a-yo] = to live
  • 가치 [ka-chi] = Wrong
    --- 같이 [kach-i] = together
  • 되에 [dwe-e] = Wrong
    --- 뒤에 [dwi-e] = behind
  • Oct 26, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Quiz #3/New Expressions
    - Days
  • 그제 [geu-je] = two days ago
    --- Ex. 12/26/2011
  • 어제 [eo-je] = yesterday
    --- Ex. 12/27/2011
  • 오늘 [o-neul] = today
    --- Ex. 12/28/2011
  • 내일 [nae-il] = tomorrow
    --- Ex. 12/29/2011
  • 모레 [mo-re] = two days from today
    --- Ex. 12/30/2011
    --- Not to be confused with 모래 [mo-rae] = sand
  • 글피 [geul-pi] = three days from today
    --- Ex. 12/31/2011
  • - Date
  • To say the date, use sino-Korean numbers for the year, month, and day.
    --- Ex. 이천십일년 십이월 이십팔일 [i-cheon-ship-il-nyeon ship-i-weol i-ship-pal-il] = 2011 12, 28 = 2011 December 28th
  • - Counting Hour
  • When counting the hour, use native-Korean numbers + 시 [shi].
  • 한시 [han-shi] = 1 o'clock
  • 두시 [du-shi] = 2 o'clock
  • 세시 [se-shi] = 3 o'clock
  • 네시 [ne-shi] = 4 o'clock
  • 다섯시 [da-seot-shi] = 5 o'clock
  • 여섯시 [yeo-seot-shi] = 6 o'clock
  • 일곱시 [il-gop-shi] = 7 o'clock
  • 여덟시 [yeo-deolb-shi] = 8 o'clock
  • 아홉시 [a-hop-shi] = 9 o'clock
  • 열시 [yeol-shi] = 10 o'clock
  • 열한시 [yeol-han-shi] = 11 o'clock
  • 열두시 [yeol-du-shi] = 12 o'clock
  • - Counting Minutes
  • When counting the minutes, use sino-Korean numbers + 분 [bun].
  • 일분 [il-bun] = 1 minute
  • 이분 [i-bun] = 2 minutes
  • 삼분 [sam-bun] = 3 minutes
  • 십분 [ship-bun] = 10 minutes
  • 십일분 [ship-il-bun] = 11 minutes
  • 이십분 [i-ship-bun] = 20 minutes
  • - Just like for locations, you must add 에 [e] after times as well
    --- Ex. 저는 오후 여덟시에 저녁을 먹어요. [Jeo-neun o-hu yeo-deolb-shi-e jeo-neok-eul meok-eo-yo.] = I eat dinner at 9pm.
    - 아침 [a-chim] and 오전 [o-jeon] are interchangeable.
    - Similary, 밤 [bam] and 오후 [o-hu] are interchangeable.

    - Time Expressions
  • 새벽 [sae-byeok] = dawn
    --- Also, the name of Yoona's character in 'You Are My Destiny'.
  • 오전 [o-jeon] = am; morning
  • 아침 [a-chim] = morning; breakfast
  • 낮 [nat] = afternoon
  • 전심 [jeon-shim] = afternoon; lunch
  • 저녁 [jeo-nyeok] = evening; dinner
  • 오후 [o-hu] = pm; evening
  • 밤 [bam] = evening
  • - School and Students
  • In Korea, the school system is pretty similar to the school system in the US, though the starting age of each level is different in both countries.
  • To say the grade level, use sino-Korean number + 학년 [hak-nyeon].
  • Kindergarten
    --- 유치원 [yu-chi-weon] = kindergarten
    --- 유치원생 [yu-chi-weon-saeng] = kindergartner
  • Elementary School
    --- 초등학교 [cho-deung-hak-gyo] = elementary school
    --- 초등학생 [cho-deung-hak-saeng] = elementary school student
    --- 일학년 [il-hak-nyeon] - 육학년 [yuk-hak-nyeon] = 1st - 6th grade
    ------ Equivalent to 1st - 6th grade in the US, though elementary school in the US ends at 5th grade
  • Middle School/Junior High
    --- 충학교 [chung-hak-gyo] = middle school; junior high
    --- 충학생 [chung-hak-saeng] = middle school student
    --- 일학년 [il-hak-nyeon] - 삼학년 [sam-hak-nyeon] = 1st - 3rd grade
    ------ Equivalent to 7th - 9th grade in the US, though middle school in the US begins from 6th - 8th grade
  • High School
    --- 고등학교 [go-deung-hak-gyo] = high school
    --- 고등학생 [go-deung-hak-saeng] = high school student
    --- 일학년 [il-hak-nyeon] - 삼학년 [sam-hak-nyeon] = 1st - 3rd grade
    ------ Equivalent to 10th - 12th grade in the US, though high school in the US begins at 9th grade
  • University/College
    --- 대학교 [dae-hak-gyo] = college; university
    --- 대학생 [dae-hak-saeng] = college student
    --- 일학년 [il-hak-nyeon] - 사학년 [sa-hak-nyeon] = 1st - 4th grade
  • Graduate School
    --- 대학원 [dae-hak-weon] = graduate school
    --- 대학원생 [dae-hak-weon-saeng] = graduate student
  • - Opposite Words/Antonyms
  • 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] = to be good (PF)
    --- 나빠요 [na-ppa-yo] = to be bad (PF)
  • 맛있어요 [mas-iss-eo-yo] = to be tasty (PF)
    --- 맛없어요 [mas-eobs-eo-yo] = to be not tasty (PF)
  • 커요 [keo-yo] = to be big/large (PF)
    --- 작아요 [jak-a-yo] = to be small (PF)
  • 많아요 [manh-a-yo] = to be abundant (PF)
    --- 적어요 [jeok-eo-yo] = to be scarce (PF)
  • 싸요 [ssa-yo] = to be cheap (PF)
    --- 바싸요 [bi-ssa-yo] = to be expensive (PF)
  • 넓어요 [neolb-eo-yo] = to be spacious
    --- 좁아요 [job-a-yo] = to be narrow (PF)
  • 재미있어요 [jae-mi-iss-eo-yo] = to be fun/interesting (PF)
    --- 재미없어요 [jae-mi-eobs-eo-yo] = to be not fun/interesting (PF)
    ------ Used in part of SNSD's 'Run Devil Run' chorus
  • 바빠요 [ba-ppa-yo] = to be busy (PF)
    --- 한가해요 [han-ga-hae-yo] = to be not busy (PF)
  • 예뻐요 [ye-bbeo-yo] = to be pretty (PF)
    --- 미워요 [mi-weo-yo] = to be ugly (PF)
  • - Majors
  • 전공 [jeon-gong] = major
  • Humanities
    --- 둥양학 [dung-yang-hak] = Asian Studies
    --- 언너학 [eon-neo-hak] = Linguistics
    --- 인류학 [in-lyu-hak] = Anthropology
    --- 영문학 [yeong-mun-hak] = English Literature
    --- 역사학 [yeok-sa-hak] = History
  • Social Sciences
    --- 경제학 [kyeong-je-hak] = Economics
    --- 교육학 [gyo-yuk-hak] = Education
    --- 가회학 [ga-hwe-hak] = Sociology
    --- 심리학 [shim-li-hak] = Psychology
    --- 정치학 [jeong-hi-hak] = Political Science
  • Natural Sciences
    --- 물리학 [mul-li-hak] = Physics
    --- 생물학 [saeng-mul-hak] = Biology
    --- 수학 [su-hak] = Mathematics
    --- 화학 [hwa-hak] = Chemistry
    --- 천문학 [cheon-mun-hak] = Astronomy
  • Engineering
    --- 기계 공학 [ki-kye gong-hak] = Mechanical Engineering
    --- 전기 공학 [jeon-gi gong-hak] = Electric Engineering
    --- 컴퓨터 공학 [keom-pyu-teo gong-hak] = Computer Engineering
    --- 화 공학 [hwa gong-hak] = Chemical Engineering
    --- 토목 공학 [to-mok gong-hak] = Civil Engineering
  • Arts
    --- 음악 [eum-ak] = Music
    --- 피아노 [pi-a-no] = Piano
    --- 미술 [mi-sul] = Art
    --- 디자인 [di-ja-in] = Design
    --- 조각 [jo-gak] = Structure
  • Professional Schools
    --- 건축학 [geon-chuk-hak] = Architecture
    --- 법학 [beop-hak] = Law
    --- 약학 [yak-hak] = Pharmacology
    --- 의학 [ui-hak] = Medicine
    --- 경영학 [keong-yeong-hak] = Management
  • - Others
  • 보통 [bo-tong] = usually
  • 일어나요 [il-eo-na-yo] = to get up/wake up (PF)
  • 신문 [shin-mun] = newspaper
  • 공부하다 [gong-bu-ha-da] = to study (DF)
  • 체육관 [che-yuk-gwan] = gymnasium
  • 자다 [ja-da] = to sleep (DF)
  • 안내 [an-nae] = information
  • 방송 [bang-song] = broadcasting
  • 비행기 [bi-haeng-ki] = airplane
  • 출발하다 [chul-bal-ha-da] = to depart (DF)
  • 도착하다 [do-chak-ha-da] = to arrive (DF)
  • 고향 [go-hyang] = hometown
  • - Phrases
  • 뭐 공부해요? [Mwo gong-bu-hae-yo?] = What do you study?/What is your major? (PF)
  • 뭐 공부하세요? [Mwo gong-bu-ha-se-yo?] = What do you study?/What is your major? (HF)
  • 전공이 뭐예요? [Jeon-gong-i mwo-ye-yo?] = What is your major?
  • 집이 어디예요? [Jib-i eo-di-ye-yo?] = Where is your house?/Where do you live?
  • 고향은 어디예요? [Go-hyang-eun eo-di-ye-yo?] = Where is your hometown?/Where do you live?
  • 안녕히 주무세요. [An-nyeong-hi ju-mu-se-yo.] = Good night. (HF)
    --- Said to elders
  • 잘자. [Jal-ja.] = Good night.
    --- Said to friends or those younger than you
  • 좋은 꼼꿔. [Joh-eun kkom-kkwi.] = Sweet dreams.
    --- Said to friends or those younger than you
  • - Command Phrases
  • 인사하세요. [In-sa-ha-se-yo.] = Please greet them.
  • 앉으세요. [Anj-eu-se-yo.] = Please sit down.
  • 책을 펴세요. [Chaek-eul pyeo-se-yo.] = Please open the book.
  • 책을 덮으세요. [Chaek-eul deop-eu-se-yo.] = Please close the book.
  • 잘 들으세요. [Jal deul-eu-se-yo.] = Please listen.
  • 쓰세요. [Sseu-se-yo.] = Please write it.
  • 칠판을 보세요. [Chil-pan-eul bo-se-yo.] = Please look at the blackboard.
  • 책을 읽으세요. [Chaek-eul ilk-eu-se-yo.] = Please read the book.
  • 영어를 쓰지 마세요. [Yeong-eo-leul sseu-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don't speak English.
  • 책을 보지 마세요. [Chaek-eul bo-ji ma-se-yo.] = Dont look at the book.
  • 얘기하지 마세요. [Yae-gi-ha-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don't talk.
  • 어지 마세요. [Eo-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don't eat.; No food please.
  • - Student Request Phrases
  • 다시 한 번 말씀해 주세요. [Da-shi han beon mal-sseum-hae ju-se-yo.] = Please say that again.
  • 크게 말씀해 주세요. [Keu-ge mal-sseum-hae ju-se-yo.] = Please speak louder.
  • 천천히 말씀해 주세요. [Cheon-cheon-hi mal-sseum-hae ju-se-yo.] = Please speak slowly.
  • Oct 27, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Listening Comprehension
    - Others
  • 안내원 [an-nae-weon] = operator
  • 여행사 [yeo-haeng-sa] = travel agency
  • Oct 28, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Usage/Speaking Activities
    - Others
  • 이모 [i-mo] = aunt (mother's sister)
  • 고모 [go-mo] = aunt (father's sister)
  • 쓰다 [sseu-da] = to write; to wear; to use (DF)
  • 룸 메이트 [rum me-i-teu] = roommate
  • **More on relatives later


    Oct 31, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Reading Comprehension/Dictation/Extra Reading 1
    - Schedule
  • 생활 [saeng-hwal] = life
  • 하루 [ha-ru] = one day
  • - Clothes Sale
  • 빨리 [bbal-li] = fast; in a hurry
  • 옷 가게 [ot ka-ke] = clothes store
  • 할인판매 [hal-il-pan-mae] = discount sale
  • 세일 [se-il] = sale
  • 운동화 [un-dong-hwa] = sneakers
  • 청바지 [cheong-ba-ji] = jeans
  • 호돌이 [ho-dul-i] = tiger cub (nickname)
  • 물건 [mul-keon] = goods; things
  • 부터 [bu-teo] = from
  • 까지 [kka-ji] = to
    --- Ex. 육월 십일 부터 육월 이십일 까지 세일을 해요. [Yuk-weol ship-il bu-teo i-ship-il kka-ji se-il-eul hae-yo.] = The sale is from June 10th to June 20th.
  • 광고 [gwang-go] = ad; advertisement
    --- Ex. 옷 가게 광고 [ot ka-ke gwang-go] = clothes store ad
  • - International Phone Call
  • 거는 법 [geo-neun beop] = how to make a call
  • 누르다 [nu-leu-da] = to press (DF)
  • 전화번호 [jeon-hwa-beon-ho] = telephone number
  • 전화회사 [jeon-hwa-hwe-sa] = telephone company
  • 번호 [beon-ho] = number
  • 국가번호 [guk-ka-beon-ho] = country code
    --- It is the code you add to the front of your phone number to distinguish which country you are from.
    ------ Ex. For the US, the access code is 1 so your phone number would be 1-(xxx)xxx-xxxx.
  • 국제전화 [guk-je-jeon-hwa] = international call
  • 전화카드 [jeon-hwa-ka-deu] = phone card
  • 접속번호 [jeop-sok-beon-ho] = access code
  • 한국 [han-guk] = Korea
  • 서을 [Seo-eul] = Seoul
  • Nov 1, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Reading Activities/Extra Reading 2
    - Face and Hair Styles
  • 머리 [meo-ri] = hair
  • 얼굴 [eol-gul] = face
  • 둥근형 [dung-geun-hyeong] = round face
  • 계란형 [gye-lan-hyeong] = oval face
  • 계란 [gye-lan] = egg
    --- Name of Lee Seunggi's character, Cha Dae Woong's, baby cousin in 'My Girlfriend is a Gumiho'
  • 역삼각형 [yeok-sam-gak-hyeong] = upside-down triangle face
  • 역 [yeok] = upside-down
  • 네모형 [ne-mo-hyeong] = square face
  • 단 [dan] = but; just
  • 단발머리 [dan-bal-meo-ri] = short/bob hair
  • 대체로 [dae-che-lo] = overall; generally
  • 덮다 [deop-da] = to cover (DF)
  • 각진 부분 [gak-jin bu-bun] = angled part
  • 맞다 [mat-da] = to match; to go well with (DF)
  • 머리모양 [meo-ri-mo-yang] = hair style
  • 모든 [mo-deun] = all
  • 보이다 [bo-i-da] = to look soft (DF)
  • 앞머리를 내리다 [ap-meo-ri-reul nae-li-da] = to drop bangs; to let down bangs (DF)
  • 앞머리 [ap-meo-ri] = bangs
    --- Literally means front hair
  • 어떤 [eo-ddeon] + noun + 이든 [i-deun] = any
    --- 어떤 머리모양이든 [eo-ddeon meo-ri-mo-yang-i-deun] = any hair style
  • 어울리다 [eo-ul-li-da] = to make well; to go with (DF)
  • 얼굴형 [eol-gul-hyeong] = shape of face
  • 괜찮다 [gwaen-chanh-da] = to be alright/ok; It is ok. (DF)
  • 짧다 [jjalb-da] = to be short (DF)
  • - Hair Cut Phrases
  • 어서 오세요. [Eo-seo o-se-yo.] = Welcome. (HF)
    --- Used by an employee when a customer enters the store
  • 머리 잘라 주세요. [Meo-ri jal-la ju-se-yo.] = Please cut my hair. (HF)
  • - Wrapping Presents
  • 가위 [ka-wi] = scissors
  • 곳 [got] = place; spot
  • 그림 [geu-lim] = picture
  • 끝 [kkeut] = edge; end
  • 상자 [sang-ja] = box
  • 양 날개 [yang nal-gae] = both wings
  • 양 [yang] = both
  • 날개 [nal-gae] = wing
  • 양면 테이프 [yang-myeon te-i-peu] = double-sided tape
  • 양면 [yang-myeon] = double-sided
  • 테이프 [te-i-peu] = tape
  • 옆면 [yeop-myeon] = side of object (not next to the object)
  • 완성 [wan-seong] = completion
  • 재료 [jae-lyo] = material
  • 중앙에 가다 [jung-ang-e ka-da] = to be placed in the center; to go in the center
  • 중앙 [jung-ang] = center
  • 짧은 쪽 [jjalb-eun jjok] = short side
  • 크기 [keu-ki] = size
  • 포장지 [po-jang-ji] = wrapping paper
  • 지 [ji] = paper
  • - Verbs
  • 붙이다 [but-i-da] = to stick (DF)
    --- 붙여요 [but-yeo-yo] = to stick (PF)
  • 싸다 [ssa-da] = to wrap (DF)
  • 오리다 [o-ri-da] = to cut (DF)
    --- 오려요 [o-ryeo-yo] = to cut (PF)
  • 자르다 [ja-reu-da] = to cut (DF)
    --- 잘라요 [jal-la-yo] = to cut (PF)
  • 접다 [jeob-da] = to make narrow (DF)
    --- 접다 [jeob-da] as an adjective means to be narrow
  • 포장하다 [po-jang-ha-da] = to fold (DF)
  • 완성하다 [wan-seong-ha-da] = to finish (DF)
  • 맞추다 [mat-chu-da] = to fit (DF)
    --- 맞춰요 [mat-chweo-yo] = to fit (PF)
  • - Others
  • 길 [gil] = street
  • 목욕탕 [mok-yok-tang] = bathroom
  • 방 [bang] = room
  • 사람(들) [sa-ram-(dul)] = people
    --- 들 (dul) makes nouns plural, but it's not mandatory
  • 세수하다 [se-su-ha-da] = to wash your face (DF)
  • 아침 [a-chim] = breakfast; morning
  • 약속 [yak-sok] = promise; appointment; meeting
  • 자동차 [ja-dong-cha] = car
  • 전화하다 [jeon-hwa-ha-da] = to call (DF)
  • 조용하다 [jo-yong-ha-da] = to be quiet (DF)
  • 지금 [ji-geum] = now; right now
  • 회사 [hwe-sa] = company
  • 거리 [geo-li] = street
  • 버스 정류장 [beo-seu jeong-lyu-jang] = bus stop
  • 과일 가게 [gwa-il ka-ke] = fruit store
  • 자전거 [ja-jeon-geo] = bike; bicycle
  • 타다 [ta-da] = to ride (DF)
  • 파티장 [pa-ti-jang] = party
  • 청소하다 [cheong-so-ha-da] = to clean (DF)
  • 담배를 피우다 [dam-bae-reul pi-u-da] = to smoke a cigarette (DF)
  • 담배 [dam-bae] = cigarettes
  • 피우다 [pi-u-da] = to smoke (DF)
  • - Phrase
  • 지금 몇 시예요? [Ji-geum myeot shi-ye-yo?] = What time is it right now?
  • Nov 2, 2011
    - Voice Over (Practice 2)
    - Boys Over Flowers (꽃보다 남자)
  • 세탁소 [se-tak-so] = dry-cleaning shop; dry cleaners
  • 미남 [mi-nam] = beautiful man
  • 미녀 [mi-nyeo] = beautiful woman
  • 얼음 [eol-eum] = ice
  • 수영 [su-yeong] = swimming
    --- Also, the name of our very own ShikShin, Choi Sooyoung
  • 맞다 [mat-da] = to get hit (DF)
  • 때리다 [ddae-li-da] = to hit (DF)
  • 차라리 [cha-la-li] = rather (than)
  • 드디어 [deu-di-eo] = finally
  • 놀토 [nol-to] = day off Saturday
  • 사교계 [sa-gyo-kye] = fashionable society
  • 여보 [yeo-bo] = honey
    --- What a husband/wife calls their wife/husband
  • 드레스 [deu-re-seu] = dress
  • 무능력 [mu-neung-ryeok] = inability
  • 번듯한 [beon-deut-han] = decent
  • 동네 [dong-ne] = neighborhood
  • 새색시 [sae-saek-shi] = a newly married woman
  • 한복 [han-bok] = hanbok (traditional Korean clothing)
  • 왕자님 [wang-ja-nim] = prince
  • 보내다 [bo-nae-da] = to send (DF)
  • 폐백 [pye-baek] = bride's gift to her mother-in-law and father-in-law
  • 늦다 [neut-da] = to be late (DF)
  • 백화점 [baek-hwa-jeom] = department store
  • 꾸며 노면 [kku-myeo no-myeon] = dressed up
  • 줄 [jul] = line
  • 예쁘지 [ye-bbeu-ji] = pretty
  • 호박 [ho-bak] = pumpkin
  • 수박 [su-bak] = watermelon
  • Nov 3, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Writing Activities
    - Opposites
  • 좋아요 [joh-a-yo] = to be good (PF)
    --- 나빠요 [na-ppa-yo] = to be bad (PF)
  • 넓어요 [neolb-eo-yo] = to be wide/spacious (PF)
    --- 좁아요 [job-a-yo] = to be narrow (PF)
  • 맛있어요 [mas-iss-eo-yo] = to be tasty/delicious (PF)
    --- 맛없어요 [mas-eobs-eo-yo] = to be not tasty/delicious (PF)
  • 예뻐요 [ye-bbeo-yo] = to be pretty (PF)
    --- 미워요 [mi-weo-yo] = to be ugly (PF)
  • 한가해요 [han-ga-hae-yo] = to be not busy (PF)
    --- 바빠요 [ba-ppa-yo] = to be busy (PF)
  • 좋아해요 [joh-a-hae-yo] = to like (PF)
    --- 싫어요 [shilh-eo-yo] = to dislike/hate (PF)
  • 싸요 [ssa-yo] = to be cheap (PF)
    --- 비싸요 [bi-ssa-yo] = to be expensive (PF)
  • 많아요 [manh-a-yo] = to be abundant/many (PF)
    --- 적어요 [jeok-eo-yo] = to be scarce (PF)
  • 재미있어요 [jae-mi-iss-eo-yo] = to be fun/interesting (PF)
    --- 재미없어요 [jae-mi-eobs-eo-yo] = to be not fun/interesting (PF)
  • 커요 [keo-yo] = to be big/large (PF)
    --- 작아요 [jak-a-yo] = to be small (PF)
  • 가벼워요 [ga-byeo-weo-yo] = to be light (PF)
    --- 무거워요 [mu-geo-weo-yo] = to be heavy (PF)
  • - Phrases
  • 부모님이 어디계세요? [Bu-mo-nim-i eo-di-kye-se-yo?] = Where are your parents? (HF)
  • 유리는 집에 있어요? [Yu-ri-neun jib-e iss-eo-yo?] = Is Yuri at home? (PF)
    --- 유리는 집이 있어요? [Yu-ri-neun jib-i iss-eo-yo?] = Does Yuri have a house? (PF)
  • 이거는 한국어 사전이 있어요? [I-geo-neun han-guk-eo sa-jeon-i iss-eo-yo?] = Is this a Korean dictionary? (PF)
  • 시간 있어요? [Shi-gan iss-eo-yo?] = Do you have time? (PF)
    --- 시간 있으세요? [Shi-gan iss-eu-se-yo?] = Do you have time? (HF)
  • 영어 교과서는 도서관에 있어요? [Yeong-eo gyo-gwa-seo-neun do-seo-gwan-e iss-eo-yo?] = Is the English textbook in the library? (PF)
  • Nov 4, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Usage/Speaking Activities
    - Asking about Someone's Well-Being
  • 요즘 어떻게 지내세요? [Yo-jeum eo-ddeoh-ke ji-nae-se-yo?] = How are you doing these days? (HF)
    --- Possible responses
    --- 바빠요. [Ba-ppa-yo.] = I am busy. (PF)
    --- 그저 그래요. [Geu-jeo geu-rae-yo.] = Just so-so. (PF)
    --- 괜찮아요. [Gwaen-chanh-a-yo.] = I am alright./Not bad. (PF)
    --- 좋아요. [Joh-a-yo.] = I am fine. (PF)
    --- 잘 지내요. [Jal ji-nae-yo.] = I am doing well. (PF)
  • - Practicing with Time
  • 3:00
    --- 세시예요. [Se-shi-ye-yo.]
  • 7:09
    --- 일곱시 구분이에요. [Il-gop-shi gu-bun-i-e-yo.]
  • 1:30
    --- 한시 삼십분이에요. [Han-shi sam-ship-bun-i-e-yo.]
    --- 한시 반이에요 [Han-shi ban-i-e-yo.]
    --- Either of the two is fine since 반 [ban] means half
  • - Major
  • 사진학 [sa-jin-hak] = Photography
  • - Played 3-6-9 game with native-Korean numbers


    Nov 7, 2011
    - Lesson 3 Midterm #3


    Nov 8, 2011
    - Lesson 4: Grammar
    - Alternate Way of Asking a Question
  • Another way to ask a question is to list a few options that the person being asked can choose from.
    --- Ex. 효연씨, 일본 사람이에요, 한국 사람이에요? [Hyo-yeon-ssi, il-bon sa-ram-i-e-yo, han-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo?] = Hyoyeon-ssi, are you Japanese or are you Korean?
    ------ 한국 사람이에요. [Han-guk sa-ram-i-e-yo.] = Korean.
  • - Contracted Numbers for Counters
  • 하나 [ha-na] = 한 [han] = one
  • 둘 [dul] = 두 [du] = two
  • 셋 [set] = 세 [se] = three
  • 넷 [net] = 네 [ne] = four
  • 스물 [seu-mul] = 스무 [seu-mu] = twenty
  • - Sang the '10 Little Indian Boy' (열 꼬마 인디언) song to practice counting
    --- (actually we were forced to sing this against our own will :P)
    - Counting by 10s
  • 일 [il] = one
  • 십 [ship] = ten
  • 백 [baek] = one hundred
  • 천 [cheon] = one thousand
  • 만 [man] = ten thousand
  • 십만 [ship-man] = one hundred thousand
  • 백만 [baek-man] = one million
  • 천만 [cheon-man] = ten million
  • 억 [eok] = one hundred million
  • - Asking How Much
  • 책이 얼마예요? [Chaek-i eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is the book?
    --- 책은 천 오백원이에요. [Chaek-eun cheon o-baek-weon-i-e-yo.] = The book is 1,500 won.
  • 이거 얼마예요? [I-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is this?
    --- 이거 십구달러 구십구센트 예요. [I-geo ship-gu-dal-leo gu-ship-gu-sen-teu ye-yo.] = This is $19.99.
  • - Items
  • 가방 [ka-bang] = bag
  • 사과 [sa-gwa] = apple
  • 세탁기 [se-tak-ki] = washing machine
  • 휴대전화 [hyu-dae-jeon-hwa] = cell phone
  • 볼펜 [bol-pen] = ball pen
  • 책 [chaek] = book
  • 신문 [shin-mun] = newspaper
  • 우유 [u-yu] = milk
  • 햄버거 [haem-beo-geo] = hamburger
  • 물 [mul] = water
  • 사탕 [sa-tang] = candy
  • 양말 [yang-mal] = socks
  • 냉장고 [naeng-jang-go] = refrigerator
  • 구두 [gu-du] = shoes
  • 비누 [bi-nu] = soap
  • 선풍기 [seon-pung-gi] = electric fan
  • - Counters - Native-Korean
  • 명 [myeong] = counter for people (used more frequently than 사람 [sa-ram])
  • 사람 [sa-ram] = counter for people
  • 마리 [ma-li] = counter for animals
  • 개 [gae] = counter for items
  • 권 [gweon] = counter for volumes (as in books)
  • 과 [gwa] = counter for lessons
    --- Ex. 세과 [se-gwa] = three lessons
  • 시간 [shi-gan] = counter for hours (duration)
  • 달 [dal] = counter for months
    --- Ex. 한달 [han-dal] = one month
  • 장 [jang] = counter for paper and sheets
  • 잔 [jan] = counter for cups and glasses
  • 병 [byeong] = counter for bottles
  • - Counters - Sino-Korean
  • 층 [cheung] = counter for floors and layers
  • 과 [gwa] = counter for lesson number
    --- Ex. 이과 [i-gwa] = Lesson 2
  • 원 [weon] = counter for won (Korean currency)
  • 학년 [hak-nyeon] = counter for school year or grade level
  • 년 [nyeon] = counter for year
  • 월 [weol] = counter for month (date)
  • 일 [il] = counter for day (date)
  • - 몇 [myeot] is a question word for quantity (how many)
    --- Ex. 몇명 [myeot-myeong] = how many people
    --- Ex. 언니 몇명 있어요? [Eon-ni myeot-myeong iss-eo-yo?] = How many older sisters do you have?
    ------ 언니가 아홉명 있어요. [Eon-ni-ga a-hop-myeong iss-eo-yo.] = I have nine older sisters.
    - 얼마 [eol-ma] is a question word for price (how much)
    - Possession
  • When writing about possession, the possessive particle 의 [ui] is used mostly in limited context such as formal speech or when both the owner and the object refer to an abstract concept.
    --- Ex. 한국의 수도 [han-guk-ui su-do] = Korean capital
    --- Ex. 오늘의 뉴스 [o-neul-ui nyu-seu] = today's news
  • Most of the time, you simply list the owner followed by the object to show possession.
    --- Ex. 제시카 침대 [Je-shi-ka chim-dae] = Jessica's bed
  • - Possessive Pronouns
  • 나 [na] + 의 [ui] = 내 [nae] = my
  • 저 [jeo] + 의 [ui] = 제 [je] = my (Humble)
  • 누구 [nu-gu] + 의 [ui] = 누구 [nu-gu] = whose
  • - Possessive - This
  • 거 [geo] = thing
  • 것 [geot] = thing
    --- Both can be substituted for the obvious possessed object.
  • 이거 누구 책이에요? [I-geo nu-gu chaek-i-e-yo?] = Whose book is this?
    --- 서현 책이에요. [Seo-hyeon chaek-i-e-yo.] = It is Seohyun's book.
    --- 서현 거예요. [Seo-hyeon geo-ye-yo.] = It is Seohyun's.
  • - Absolute Possessive Pronouns
  • 내 [nae] + 거 [geo] = 내거 [nae-geo] = mine
  • 제 [je] + 거 [geo] = 제거 [je-geo] = mine (Humble)
  • 우리 [u-ri] + 거 [geo] = 우리거 [u-ri-geo] = ours
  • 저희 [jeo-hui] + 거 [geo] = 저희거 [je-hui-geo] = ours (Humble)
  • - Vowel Contractions
  • Two identical vowels (아 + 아) => single vowel
    --- Ex. 가 + 아 = 가요 [ga-yo] = to go
  • 애 causes the following 어 to be dropped
    --- Ex. 지내 + 어요 = 지내요 [ji-nae-yo] = How are you?
  • 이 + 어 = 여
    --- Ex. 마시 + 어요 = 마셔요 [ma-syeo-yo] = to drink
  • 시 + 어 = 세
    --- Ex. 안녕하시 + 어요 = 안녕하세요. [An-yeong-ha-se-yo.] = Hi./Hello./How are you?
  • 우 + 어 = 워
  • 오 + 아 = 와
  • Optional Vowel Contraction: When preceding syllable with a consonant
    --- Ex. 주 + 어요 = 주어요 [ju-eo-yo] or 줘요 [jweo-yo] = to give
    --- Ex. 보 + 아요 = 보아요 [bo-a-yo] or 봐요 [bwa-yo] = to watch/look/see
  • Obligatory (mandatory) Vowel Contraction: When preceding syllable does not contain a consonant
    --- Ex. 오 + 아요 = 와요 [wa-yo] = to come
    --- Ex. 배우 + 어요 = 배워요 [bae-weo-yo] = to learn
  • When the stem ends in 으, drop 으 before adding the ending
    --- Ex. 크다 + 어요 = 커요 [keo-yo] = to be big/large
  • - Dictionary Words
  • 자다 [ja-da] = to sleep (DF)
  • 보다 [bo-da] = to watch/look/see (DF)
  • 배우다 [bae-u-da] = to learn (DF)
  • 느리다 [neu-ri-da] = to be slow (DF)
  • 싸우다 [ssa-u-da] = to argue (DF)
  • 주무시다 [ju-mu-shi-da] = to sleep (honorific form of 자다 [ja-da]) (DF)
  • Nov 9, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Quiz #4/New Expressions
    - Places in Town
  • 소방서 [so-bang-seo] = fire station
  • 백화점 [baek-hwa-jeom] = department store
  • 방송국 [bang-song-guk] = broadcasting station
  • 옷 가게 [ot ka-ke] = clothes store
  • 미장원 [mi-jang-weon] = beauty salon
  • 미용실 [mi-yong-shil] = beauty salon
  • 머리방 [meo-li-bang] = hair salon
  • 헤어사롱 [he-eo-sa-long] = hair salon
  • 병원 [byeong-weon] = hospital
  • 카페 [ka-pe] = cafe
  • 동사무소 [dong-sa-mu-so] = village office
  • 우체국 [u-che-guk] = post office
  • 신문사 [shin-mun-sa] = newspaper office
  • 극장 [geuk-jang] = movie theater
  • 은행 [eun-haeng] = bank
  • 약국 [yak-guk] = pharmacy
  • 이발소 [i-bal-so] = barber shop
  • 세탁소 [se-tak-so] = dry cleaners
  • - Immediate Family
  • 가족 [ka-jok] = family
  • 식구 [shik-gu] = member of a family
  • 부모 [bu-mo] = parents
  • 부모님 [bu-mo-nim] = parents (HF)
  • 아버지 [a-beo-ji] = father
    --- 아빠 [a-ppa] = dad
  • 어머니 [eo-meo-ni] = mother
    --- 엄마 [eom-ma] = mom
  • 여동생 [yeo-dong-saeng] = younger sister
  • 남동생 [nam-dong-saeng] = younger brother
  • 형 [hyeong] = older brother (from boy's point-of-view)
  • 누나 [nu-na] = older sister (from boy's point-of-view)
  • 오빠 [o-ppa] = older brother (from girl's point-of-view)
  • 언니 [eon-ni] = older sister (from girl's point-of-view)
  • 형제 [hyeong-je] = brothers; male siblings
  • 남편 [nam-pyeon] = husband
  • 아내 [a-nae] = wife
  • 마누라 [ma-nu-ra] = wife
  • 부인 [bu-in] = wife (HF)
  • 아들 [a-deul] = son
  • 딸 [ddal] = daughter
  • 자매 [ja-mae] = sisters; female siblings
  • 남매 [nam-mae] = brothers and sisters
    - Relatives on Father's Side
  • 친척 [chin-cheok] = relatives
  • 할아버지 [hal-a-beo-ji] = grandfather (dad's dad)
  • 할머니 [hal-meo-ni] = grandmother (dad's mom)
  • 큰아버지 [keun-a-beo-ji] = uncle (dad's older married brother)
  • 큰어머니 [keun-eo-meo-ni] = aunt (wife of 큰아버지 )
  • 삼촌 [sam-chon] = uncle (dad's younger unmarried brother)
  • 사촌 [sa-chon] = cousin (dad's niece and/or nephew)
  • 작은아버지 [jak-eun-a-beo-ji] = uncle (dad's younger married brother)
  • 작은어머니 [jak-eun-eo-meo-ni] = aunt (wife of 작은아버지)
  • 고모 [go-mo] = aunt (dad's sister)
  • 고모부 [go-mo-bu] = uncle (husband of 고모)
  • - Relatives on Mother's Side
  • 외할아버지 [we-hal-a-beo-ji] = grandfather (mom's dad)
  • 외할머니 [we-hal-meo-ni] = grandmother (mom's mom)
  • 이모 [i-mo] = aunt (mom's sister)
  • 이모부 [i-mo-bu] = uncle (husband of 이모)
  • 외삼촌 [we-sam-chon] = uncle (mom's brother)
  • 외숙모 [we-suk-mo] = aunt (wife of 외삼촌)
  • 외사촌 [we-sa-chon] = cousin (mom's niece and/or nephew)
  • - Time Expression
  • 그그제 [geu-geu-je] = three days ago
  • 그제 [geu-je] = two days ago
  • 어제 [eo-je] = yesterday
  • 오늘 [o-neul] = today
  • 내일 [nae-il] = tomorrow
  • 모레 [mo-le] = two days from today
  • 글피 [geul-pi] = three days from today
  • 그글피 [geu-geul-pi] = four days from today
  • - Ordinal Numbers
  • 서수 [seo-su] = ordinal number
  • 첫째 [cheot-jjae] = first
  • 둘째 [dul-jjae] = second
  • 셋째 [set-jjae] = third
  • 몇째 [myeot-jjae] = ____th (?)
  • 첫 번째 [cheot beon-jjae] = firstly
  • 두 번째 [du beon-jjae] = secondly
  • 세 번째 [se beon-jjae] = thirdly
  • 몇 번째 [myeot beon-jjae] = ___ly
  • - Question Word - 몇
  • For asking a question involving numbers, you use 몇 in front of the noun related the number.
    --- Ex. 몇월 [myeot-weol] = what month
    --- Ex. 며칠 [myeo-chil] = what day
    ------ This is an exception to the rule.
  • - Others
  • 끝나다 [kkeut-na-da] = to finish (DF)
  • 성함 [seong-ham] = name (HF)
  • Nov 10, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Listening Comprehension

    Nov 11, 2011
    - NO CLASS - VETERANS' DAY

    Nov 14, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Reading Comprehension/Dictation/Extra Reading 1
    - Existence vs. Possession
  • 계세요 [kye-se-yo] / 안 계세요 [an kye-se-yo]
    --- Honorific words for 있어요 / 없어요 = to be of existence
    --- Used when the subject is a respected person such as an elder, grandparent, or a teacher
  • 있어요 [iss-eo-yo] / 없어요 [eobs-eo-yo]
    --- Polite words for 'to be of existence'
  • 있으세요 [iss-eu-se-yo] / 없으세요 [eobs-eu-se-yo]
    --- Honorific words for 있어요 / 없어요 for possession
  • - Counters
  • 명 [myeong] = counter for people
  • 분 [bun] = counter for people (HF)
  • 집 [jib] = house
  • 댁 [daek] = house (HF)
  • 대 [dae] = counter for large items such as refrigerators
  • 채 [chae] = counter for houses
  • - Dictionary Forms
  • 방문하다 [bang-mun-ha-da] = to visit (DF)
  • 가다 [ka-da] = to go (DF)
  • 하다 [ha-da] = to do (DF)
  • 좋다 [joh-da] = to be good (DF)
  • 짧다 [jjalb-da] = to be short (DF)
  • 예쁘다 [ye-bbeu-da] = to be pretty (DF)
  • 많다 [manh-da] = to be abundant/many (DF)
  • 날씬하다 [nal-ssin-ha-da] = to be slim (DF)
  • 비슷하다 [bi-seut-ha-da] = to be similar (DF)
  • -편이다 [pyeon-i-da] = to be on the side of (DF)
  • 주고 받다 [ju-go bat-da] = to exchange (DF)
  • 나이를 먹다 [na-i-reul meok-da] = to grow older (DF)
  • 친구를 사궈다 [chin-gu-reul sa-gweo-da] = to make a friend (DF)
  • 안부를 묻다 [an-bu-reul mut-da] = to ask about someone's day; to regard; to say hello (DF)
  • 친하다 [chin-ha-da] = to be close (DF)
  • 다니다 [da-ni-da] = to attend (DF)
  • 살다 [sal-da] = to live (DF)
  • - Others
  • 연구원 [yeon-gu-weon] = researcher
  • 매일 [mae-il] = everyday
  • 아주 [a-ju] = quite; very
  • 머리 [meo-li] = hair
  • 아침 [a-chim] = breakfast; morning
  • 일 [il] = work; thing to do; day
  • 정말 [jeong-mal] = really
  • 일찍 [il-jjik] = early
  • 주말 [ju-mal] = weekend
  • 주중 [ju-jung] = weekday
  • 하지만 [ha-ji-man] = but
  • 회사 [hwe-sa] = company
  • 청소 [cheong-so] = house cleaning
  • 파마 [pa-ma] = perm
    --- Miho from 'My Girlfriend is a Gumiho' got her hair permed for her first movie date with Dae Woong.
  • 그리고 [geu-ri-go] = and
  • 우리 [u-ri] = our; my
  • 와 [wa] = with
  • - 와 함께 - [wa ham-kke] = together with
  • 이메일 [i-me-il] = email; electronic mail
  • 저 [jeo] = I (Humble)
  • 나 [na] = I (Plain)
  • 시카고 [Shi-ka-go] = Chicago
  • 워싱턴 [Weo-shing-teon] = Washington
  • 뉴욕 [Nyu-Yok] = New York
  • 손자 [son-ja] = grandson
  • 손녀 [son-nyeo] = granddaughter
  • 진지 [jin-ji] = meal (HF)
  • 밥 [bab] = meal
  • 드세요 [deu-se-yo] = to eat (HF)
  • Nov 15, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Reading Activities/Extra Reading
    - Acne Treatment
  • 가능하다 [ga-neung-ha-da] = to be possible (DF)
  • 골고루 [gol-go-lu] = evenly; equally
  • 관리법 [gwan-rl-beop] = how to care
  • 균형 잡히다 [gyun-hyeong jab-hi-da] = to be balanced (DF)
  • 마음 [ma-eum] = mind
  • 만지지 마세요 [man-ji-ji ma-se-yo] = don't touch (HF)
  • 방법 [bang-beop] = method; way
  • 손 [son] = hand
  • 식사 [shik-sa] = meal
  • 심하다 [shim-ha-da] = to be serious (DF)
  • 악화시키다 [ak-hwa-shi-ki-da] = to make it worse (DF)
  • 어떻게 [eo-ddeoh-ke] = how
  • 얼굴 [eol-gul] = face
  • 여드름 [yeo-deu-leum] = acne; pimple
  • 음식 [eum-shik] = food
  • 자꾸 [ja-kku] = again and again
  • 절대 [jeol-dae] = for sure; absolutely; never
  • 좋지 않다 [joh-ji anh-da] = to not be good (DF)
  • 중요하다 [jung-yo-ha-da] = to be important (DF)
  • 척척박사 [cheok-cheok-bak-da] = walking dictionary
  • 편하게 가지다 [pyeon-ha-ke ka-ji-da] = to feel easy (DF)
  • 피부 관리 [pi-bu gwan-li] = skin care
  • 하지 마세요 [ha-ji ma-se-yo] = don't do (HF)
  • 화장 [hwa-jang] = make-up
  • 화장품 [hwa-jang-pum] = cosmetics; make-ups
  • - Swimming Safety
  • -기 때문에 [gi ddae-mun-e] = because
    --- Ex. After School's 2nd Single Because of You (너 때문에) [Neo ddae-mun-e]
  • -기 전에 [gi jeon-e] = before
  • -아야 하다 [a-ya ha-da] = have to; must (DF)
  • -으면 안되다 [eu-myeon an-dwe-da] = should not; must not (DF)
  • -을 가지고 [eul ga-ji-go] = having
  • -을 수 있다 [eul su iss-da] = it could be (DF)
  • 다리 [da-ri] = leg
  • 다치다 [da-chi-da] = to get hurt (DF)
  • 들어가다 [deul-eo-ka-da] = to enter (DF)
  • 뛰다 [ddwe-da] = to run (DF)
  • 물놀이 [mul-nol-i] = playing in the water
  • 미끄럽다 [mi-ggeu-reop-da] = to be slippery (DF)
  • 바닥 [ba-dak] = floor
  • 바로 [ba-lo] = right away; right after
  • 반드시 [ban-deu-shi] = for sure
  • 병 [byeong] = bottle
  • 수심 [su-shim] = depth of water
  • 수영장 [su-yeong-jang] = swimming pool
  • 수영하다 [su-yeong-ha-da] = to swim (DF)
  • 식사하다 [shik-sa-ha-da] = to eat (DF)
  • 안전수칙 [an-jeon-su-chik] = safety rules
  • 얕다 [yat-da] = to be shallow (DF)
  • 얕은 곳 [yat-eun got] = shallow place
  • 유리컵 [yu-ri-keop] = glass
  • 장난치다 [jang-nan-chi-da] = to play; to play monkey (DF)
  • 준비운동 [jun-bi-un-dong] = warming-up
  • 쥐가 나다 [jwe-ga na-da] = to have cramps (DF)
  • 휴식을 취하다 [hyu-shik-eul chwe-ha-da] = to take a rest (DF)
  • - Things to Do - Schedule
  • 공항 [gong-hang] = airport
  • 교회 [gyo-hwe] = church
  • 등산하다 [deung-san-ha-da] = to go to a mountain (DF)
  • 마시다 [ma-shi-da] = to drink (DF)
  • 만나다 [man-na-da] = to meet (DF)
  • 백화점 [baek-hwa-jeom] = department store
  • 쇼핑하다 [syo-ping-ha-da] = to go shopping (DF)
  • 술 [sul] = alcohol
  • 술집 [sul-jib] = bar
  • 식당 [shik-dang] = restaurant
  • 여행 [yeo-haeng] = trip; travel
  • 영화를 보다 [yeong-hwa-reul bo-da] = to watch a movie (DF)
  • 일하다 [il-ha-da] = to work (DF)
  • 주말 [ju-mal] = weekend
  • 친구 [chin-gu] = friend
  • 서을 극장 [Seo-eul geuk-jang] = Seoul Theater
  • - Dictionary Forms
  • 가지다 [ga-ji-da] = to have (DF)
  • 만지다 [man-ji-da] = to touch (DF)
  • 알려 주다 [al-lyeo ju-da] = to inform (DF)
  • 좋아하다 [joh-a-ha-da] = to like (DF)
  • 화장하다 [hwa-jang-ha-da] = to wear make-up (DF)
  • 조심하다 [jo-shim-ha-da] = to be careful (DF)
  • 들어가다 [deul-eo-ka-da] = to enter (DF)
  • 장난치다 [jang-nan-chi-da] = to play around (DF)
  • 믈놀이하다 [meul-nol-i-ha-da] = to play in the water (DF)
  • 놀다 [nol-da] = to play (DF)
  • Nov 16, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Usage/Speaking Activities (Skit Performance 2)


    Nov 17, 2011
    - Lesson 4: Writing Activities
    - 유나 와 유리는 사이가 아주 좋아요. [Yu-na wa Yu-ri-neun sa-i-ga a-ju joh-a-yo.] = Yoona and Yuri have a very good relationship. (YoonYul ftw!)


    Nov 18, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Quiz #5/New Expressions
    - Time Expressions
  • 매일 [mae-il] = every day
  • 날마다 [nal-ma-da] = to be every day (DF)
  • 매주 [mae-ju] = every week
  • 주마다 [ju-ma-d] = to be every week (DF)
  • 매월 [mae-weol] = every month
  • 매달 [mae-dal] = every month
  • 달마다 [dal-ma-da] = to be every month (DF)
  • 매년 [mae-nyeon] = every year
  • 해마다 [hae-ma-da] = to be every year (DF)
  • 가끔 [ka-kkeum] = once in a while
  • 보통 [bo-tong] = usually
  • 자주 [ja-ju] = frequently; often
  • 일간지 [il-kan-ji] = daily
  • 주간지 [ju-kan-ji] = weekly
  • 월간지 [weol-kan-ji] = monthly
  • 재작년 [jae-jak-nyeon] = two years ago
  • 작년 [jak-nyeon] = last year
  • 금년 [geum-nyeon] = this year
  • 올년 [ol-nyeon] = this year
  • 내년 [nae-nyeon] = next year
  • 내후년 [nae-hu-nyeon] = two years from now
  • 봄 [bom] = spring
  • 여름 [yeo-leum] = summer
  • 가을 [ka-eul] = autumn; fall
  • 겨울 [kyeo-ul] = winter
  • - Modes of Transportation
  • 자동차 [ja-dong-cha] = car
  • 자전거 [ja-jeon-keo] = bicycle
  • 버스 [beo-seu] = bus
  • 비행기 [bi-haeng-gi] = airplane
  • 배 [bae] = ship; stomach; pear
  • 기차 [gi-cha] = train
  • 지하철 [ji-ha-cheol] = subway
  • 트럭 [teu-reuk] = truck
  • 오토바이 [o-to-ba-i] = motorcycle
    --- In 'My Girlfriend is a Gumiho', Lee Seunggi's character Cha Dae Woong buys a motorcycle with his tuition money from his grandfather rather than paying for school.
  • 택시 [taek-shi] = taxi
  • 걸어서 [geol-eo-seo] = by walking; on foot
  • 뛰어서 [ddwe-eo-seo] = by running
  • 차로 [cha-ro] = by driving
  • 운전해서 [un-jeon-hae-seo] = by driving
  • 버스로 [beo-seu-ro] = by bus; riding the bus
  • 버스 타고 [beo-seu ta-ro] = by bus; riding the bus
  • - Dictionary Forms - Everyday Activities
  • 일어나다 [il-eo-na-da] = to wake up (DF)
  • 쉬다 [swi-da] = to rest (DF)
  • 샤워하다 [sya-weo-ha-da] = to take a shower (DF)
  • 운동하다 [un-dong-ha-da] = to exercise (DF)
  • 아침 먹다 [a-chim meok-da] = to eat breakfast (DF)
  • 저녁 먹다 [jeo-nyeok meok-da] = to eat dinner (DF)
  • 수업에 가다 [su-eob-e ka-da] = to go to class (DF)
  • 텔레비전 보다 [tel-le-bi-jeon bo-da] = to watch television (DF)
  • 점심 먹다 [jeom-shim meok-da] = to eat lunch (DF)
  • 숙제하다 [suk-je-ha-da] = to do homework (DF)
  • 랩에 가다 [laeb-e ka-da] = to go to the lab (DF)
  • 자다 [ja-da] = to sleep (DF)
  • 공부하다 [gong-bu-ha-da] = to study (DF)
  • 아르바이트 하다 [a-reu-ba-i-teu ha-da] = to do a part-time job (DF)
  • - Others
  • 잡지 [jab-ji] = magazine
  • 생심 [saeng-shim] = birthday (HF)
  • 추수감사절 [chu-su-kam-sa-jeol] = Thanksgiving (T-Give)
  • 밤 [bam] = night; chestnut
  • 눈 [nun] = snow; eye
  • 아르바이트 [a-reu-ba-i-teu] = part-time job
    --- Jeong So Min's, or Kim Yoon Ri, character Oh Ha Ni in 'Playful Kiss' gets multiple part-time jobs throughout the drama such as being a waitress and cashier.
  • Nov 21, 2011
    - Lesson 4 Midterm #4

    Nov 22, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Grammar
    - 에 - Static Locative Particle
  • Static Location and Destination/Goal
    --- 에 is used after a location that is static (unchanging) or to indicate a destination for directional verbs such as 가다 [ka-da] and 오다 [o-da].
    --- Ex. 친구하고 월요일에서 만나요.
    ------ This is wrong. Since Sunday is not a dynamic (changing) location, you do not use 에서. Instead, you use 에.
    ------ 친구하고 월요일에 만나요. [Chin-gu-ha-go weol-yo-il-e man-na-yo.] = My friend and I are going to meet on Sunday.
    --- Ex. 오늘에 비가 와요.
    ------ This is wrong. For time references such as 오늘 [o-neul], you do not add 에. (see below for time references with 에)
    ------ 오늘 비가 와요. [O-neul bi-ga wa-yo.] = Today, it is going to rain.
    --- Ex. 오늘은 여섯월 십오일에이에요.
    ------ This is wrong. You don't need to add 에 to the end of the time reference when you are indicating something.
    ------ 오늘은 여섯월 십오일이에요. [O-neul-eun yeo-seot-weol ship-o-il-i-e-yo.] = Today is June 15.
  • - 에서 - Dynamic Locative Particle
  • Dynamic Location
    --- 에서 is used to indicate the location of an activity and are used with action verbs such as 공부하다 [gong-bu-ha-da] and 먹다 [meok-da].
    --- Ex. 도서관에 책을 읽어요.
    ------ This is wrong. Since the library is the location of an activity (reading), then you must use 에서.
    ------ 도서관에서 책을 읽어요. [Do-seo-gwan-e-seo chaek-eul ilk-eo-yo.] = I am in the library ro read a book.
  • - Basic Sentence Pattern
  • Korean is a Subject + Object + Verb (SOV) langauge.
  • The basic pattern is Who/Subject + Where/Complement + What/Object + To Do/Verb
    --- Ex. 제시카는 방에서 잡지를 읽어요. [Je-shi-ka-neun bang-e-seo jab-ji-reul ilk-eo-yo.] = Jessica is in her room to read a magazine.
  • The word order is flexible as long as the predicate/verb is placed at the end.
  • - (으)러 - "In Order To"
  • (으)러 [(eu)leo] = in order to
  • 으러 is added in front of directional verbs to indicate the purpose or reason for going/coming to a certain location.
    --- Ex. 써니가 소녀시대 막내를 만나러 커피숍에 가요. [Sseo-ni-ga So-Nyeo-Shi-Dae mak-nae-reul man-na-leo keo-pi-syop-e ka-yo.] = Sunny is going to meet SoShi's maknae at the coffee shop.
  • - Irregular Verbs
  • 듣다 [deut-da] = 들어요 [deul-eo-yo] = 들으세요 [deul-eu-se-yo] = to listen; to take a course
  • 걷다 [keot-da] = 걸어요 [keol-eo-yo] = 걸으세요 [keol-eu-se-yo] = to walk
  • - 에 - Time References
  • 에 is used to also specify a time reference.
  • 시 is used with native-Korean numbers for the hour, while 분 is used with sino-Korean numbers for the minutes.
  • 어제 [eo-je] = yesterday, 오늘 [o-neul] = today, and 내일 [nae-il] = tomorrow, can't be used with 에.
  • - 그런데 - 'By the Way'
  • 그런데 [geu-reon-de] = but; however; by the way
    --- It can be used to change the topic.
    --- Ex. 태연: 몇 시에 일어나요? [Myeot shi-e il-eo-na-yo?] = What time did you wake up?
    ------ 수영: 열 시에 일어나요. 그런데 아침을 먹어요? [Yeol shi-e il-eo-na-yo. Geu-reun-de a-chim-eul meok-eo-yo?] = I woke up at 10 o'clock. By the way, did you eat breakfast?
  • - 하고 (같이) - Together
  • 하고 (같이) [ha-go (kat-i)] = (together) with
  • 같이 is pronounced ka-chi.
  • Reciprocal verbs such as 전화하다 [jeon-hwa-ha-da] = to call, can't be used with 같이.
  • In describing joint activites, 같이 is optional (you can add it if you like).
    --- Ex. 수영은 윤아하고 같이 냉면을 먹어요. [Su-yeong-eun Yun-a-ha-go kat-i naeng-myeon-eul meok-eo-yo.] = Sooyoung, together with Yoona, is eating cold noodle soup.
    --- Ex. 혀연이 티파니하고 옷을 사요. [Hyo-yeon-i Ti-pa-ni-ha-go ot-eul sa-yo.] = Hyoyeon, with Tiffany, is buying clothes.
  • - Others
  • 식사 [shik-sa] = meal
  • 다음 [da-eum] = next
  • 다음 주 [da-eum ju] = next week
  • 보내다 [bo-nae-da] = to send (DF)
  • 부르다 [bu-reu-da] = to sing (DF)
  • 노래 [no-rae] = song
  • 약 [yak] = medicine
  • 슈퍼마켓 [syu-peo-ma-ket] = supermarket
  • 노래방 [no-rae-bang] = karaoke room
  • 드세요 [du-se-yo] = to eat (HF)
  • Nov 23, 2011 - Nov 25, 2011
    - NO CLASS - THANKSGIVING BREAK

    Nov 28, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Reading Comprehension/Dictation/Extra Reading 1
    - Rainy Day Song
  • This is a song about going to school on a rainy day.

    이슬비 내리는 이른 아침에 우산 셋이 나란히 걸어갑니다. [I-seul-bi nae-ri-neun a-chim-e u-san set-i na-ran-hi keol-eo-kam-ni-da.]
    Early drizzling morning, three umbrellas are walking in a line.
    파란 우산, 검정 우산, 찢어진 우산, [Pa-ran u-san, keom-jeong u-san, jjit-eo-jin u-san,]
    Blue umbrella, black umbrella, torn umbrella,
    좁다란 학교 길에 우산 세 개가 이마를 마주 대고 걸어갑니다. [job-da-ran hak-kyo kil-e u-san se gae-ga i-ma-reul ma-ju dae-go keol-eo-kam-ni-da.]
    In the narrow school zone, the three umbrellas are walking while facing one another's forehead.
  • - Rainy Day Song Vocabulary
  • 우산 [u-san] = umbrella
  • 이슬비 [i-seul-bi] = drizzle
  • 이르다 [i-reu-da] = to be early (DF)
  • 아침 [a-chim] = breakfast; morning
  • 나란히 [na-ran-hi] = side-by-side
  • 파랗다 [pa-rah-da] = to be blue (DF)
  • 검정 [geom-jeong] = black
  • 내리다 [nae-ri-da] = to fall; to come down (DF)
  • 걸어가다 [keol-eo-ka-da] = to walk (DF)
  • 찢어지다 [jjit-eo-ji-da] = to be torn; to be ripped (DF)
  • 좁다랗다 [job-da-rah-da] = to be narrow (DF)
  • 학교 길 [hak-kyo kil] = the street to go to school
  • 이마 [i-ma] = forehead
  • 마주 대다 [ma-ju dae-da] = to set side-by-side (DF)
  • - Weather Forecast
  • 일기예보 [il-gi-ye-bo] = weather report
  • 비 [bi] = rain
  • 태 [tae] = sun
  • 맑다 [malk-da] = to be sunny (DF)
  • 맑겠습니다 [malk-kess-seum-ni-da] = to be sunny
  • 구름 [gu-leum] = cloud
  • 흐리다 [heu-ri-da] = to be cloudy (DF)
  • 비가 오다 [bi-ga o-da] = to rain (DF)
  • -은 뒤에 [-eun dwi-e] = after-
  • 많다 [manh-da] = to be abundant; many (DF)
  • 다시 [da-shi] = again
  • - Four Seasons
  • 사계절 [sa-kye-jeol] = four seasons
  • 봄 [bom] = spring
  • 따뜻하다 [dda-ddeut-ha-da] = to be warm (DF)
  • 따뜻해요 [dda-ddeut-hae-yo] = to be warm (PF)
  • 소풍 [so-pung] = picnic
  • 여름 [yeo-leum] = summer
  • 덥다 [deob-da] = to be hot (DF)
  • 더워요 [deo-weo-yo] = to be hot (PF)
  • 바다 [ba-da] = ocean
  • 수박 [su-bak] = watermelon
  • 가을 [ga-eul] = autumn; fall
  • 시원하다 [shi-weon-ha-da] = to be cool (DF)
  • 시원해요 [shi-weon-hae-yo] = to be cool (PF)
  • 단풍잎 [dan-pung-ip] = autumn leaves
  • 추석 [chu-seok] = Korean Thanksgiving (usually on August 15th)
  • 겨울 [gyeo-ul] = winter
  • 춥다 [chub-da] = to be cold (DF)
  • 추워요 [chu-weo-yo] = to be cold (PF)
  • 눈사람 [nun-sa-ram] = snowman
  • 스키 [seu-ki] = ski
  • 스케이트 [seu-ke-i-teu] = skate
  • 꽃 [ggot] = flower
  • 타다 [ta-da] = to ride (DF)
  • 예쁘다 [ye-bbeu-da] = to be pretty (DF)
  • 피다 [pi-da] = to bloom (DF)
  • -고 싶다 [-go ship-da] = to want to (DF)
  • -을 수 있다 [-eul su iss-da] = can do (DF)
  • 기분이 좋다 [gi-bun-i joh-da] = to feel good (DF)
  • 아름답다 [a-reum-dab-da] = to be beautiful (DF)
  • - Others
  • 오래간만 [o-rae-gan-man] = long time no see
  • Nov 29, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Reading Activities/Extra Reading 2
    - Olympics
  • 올림픽 [Ol-lim-pik] = Olympic
  • 경기 [gyeon-gi] = game
  • 고리 [go-ri] = ring
  • 깃발 [git-bal] = flag
  • 다음 [da-eum] = next
  • 대륙 [dae-lyuk] = continent
  • 만남 [man-nam] = meeting
  • 상징하다 [sang-jing-ha-da] = to symbolize (DF)
  • 선수 [seon-su] = player
  • 시작 [shi-jak] = beginning
  • 시작되다 [shi-jak--dwe-da] = to start (DF)
  • 열리다 [yeol-li-da] = to be held (DF)
  • 오륜기 [o-lyun-gi] = Olympic flag
  • -기 [-gi] = flag
  • 우정 [u-jeong] = friendship
  • 지금 [ji-geum] = now
  • 참가할 수 없었다 [cham-ga-hal su eobs-eoss-da] = to not be able to participate (DF)
  • 참가하다 [cham-ga-ha-da] = to participate (DF)
  • 처음 [cheo-eum] = first
  • 힘들다 [him-deul-da] = to be tired (DF)
  • 힘드려요 [him-deu-lyeo-yo] = to be tired (PF)
  • 그리스 [Geu-ri-seu] = Greece
  • 아테네 [A-te-ne] = Athens
  • 아시아 [A-shi-a] = Asia
  • 아프리카 [A-peu-ri-ka] = Africa
  • 오스트레일리아 [O-seu-teu-re-il-li-a] = Australia
  • 유럽 [Yu-reop] = Europe
  • 아메리카 [A-me-ri-ka] = America
  • 이긴 [i-gin] = winner
  • - Email
  • 나야 [na-ya] = it's me
  • 받는 사람 [bat-neun sa-ram] = receiver
  • -은대 [-eun-dae] = someone said that- (indirect form)
  • -지 않을래 [-ji anh-eul-lae] = won't you-?
  • 그저 그렇게 [geu-jeo geu-reoh-ke] = so-so
  • 모레 [mo-re] = day after tomorrow
  • 방학 [hang-hak] = vacation
  • 아까 [a-kka] = a while ago
  • 알레주다 [al-le-ju-da] = to let someone know (DF)
  • 우련히 [u-lyeon-hi] = by chance
  • 제목 [je-mok] = title; topic; subject
  • 이메일 [i-me-il] = email
  • - Studying Korean in School
  • 이야기해요 [i-ya-gi-hae-yo] = to tell stories
  • 이야기 [i-ya-gi] = story
  • -았/었어요 [ass/eoss-eo-yo] = past tense ending
    --- Ex. 어제 서현은 영어 교과서를 읽었어요. 그리고 오늘 정치학을 공부해요. [Eo-je Seo-hyeon-eun yeong-eo gyo-gwa-seo-reul ilk-eoss-eo-yo. Geu-ri-go o-neul jeong-chi-hak-eul gong-bu-hae-yo.] = Yesterday, Seohyun was reading an English textbook. And today she is studying political science.
  • 도서관 [do-seo-gwan] = library
  • 도착하다 [do-chak-ha-da] = to arrive (DF)
  • 먹다 [meok-da] = to eat (DF)
  • 빌딩 [bil-ding] = building
  • 빌리다 [bil-li-da] = to borrow (DF)
  • 서점 [seo-jeom] = bookstore
  • 수업 [su-eob] = class
  • 우체국 [u-che-guk] = post office
  • 은행 [eun-haeng] = bank
  • 일찍 [il-jjik] = early
  • 점심 [jeom-shim] = lunch
  • 카페테리아 [ka-pe-te-ri-a] = cafeteria
  • 편지 [pyeon-ji] = letter
  • 후(에) [hu(e)] = after
  • 전(에) [jeon(e)] = before
  • 그림 [geu-rim] = picture
  • 그려보다 [geu-lyeo-bo-da] = to draw (DF)
  • Nov 30, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Listening Comprehension
    - Others
  • 다녀요 [da-nyeo-yo] = to attend (DF)
  • 다니다 [da-ni-da] = to attend (DF)
  • 인디아나 대학교 [In-di-a-na dae-hak-kyo] = Indiana University
  • 전 [Jeon] = John
  • 성함 [seong-ham] = name (HF)
  • 컬럼비아 [Keol-leom-bi-a] = Columbia
  • 스타워즈 [Seu-ta-weo-jeu] = Star Wars
  • 정문 [jeong-mun] = main entrance
  • Dec 1, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Writing Comprehension
    - Korean Basic Sentence Pattern
  • Who + When + What + Where + To Do
    --- Ex. 유리는 밤에 영어 노래를 차에 불러요. [Yu-ri-neun bam-e yeong-eo no-rae-reul cha-e bul-leo-yo.] = At night, Yuri sings English songs in the car.
  • Dec 2, 2011
    - Voice Over (Practice 3)
    - Golden Era of Daughter-in-Law (며느리 전성시대)
  • 조발 [jo-bal] = (pig's) trotters
  • 고모 [go-mo] = aunt (dad's sister)
  • 콩나물 [kong-na-mul] = bean sprouts
  • 빨리 좀 주세요 [bbal-li jom ju-se-yo] = hurry up (HF)
  • 전화 [jeon-hwa] = telephone
  • 절 [jeol] = (Buddha's) temple
  • 보내다 [bo-nae-da] = to send (DF)
  • 드시다 [deu-shi-da] = to take (DF)
  • 웃다 [ut-da] = to laugh (DF)
  • 신부 [shin-bu] = bride
  • 울다 [ul-da] = to cry (DF)
  • 울지마 [ul-ji-ma] = do not cry
    --- S?NEs chanted "울지마" when the girls started to cry about not being able to see their mothers as much as they wanted to on the SBS Kim Jung Eun's Chocolate.
  • 넘겨주다 [nam-gyeo-ju-da] = to hand over (DF)
  • 안사돈 [an-sa-don] = mother-in-law
  • 부인 [bu-in] = wife (HF)
  • 아내 [a-nae] = wife
  • Dec 6, 2011
    - Lesson 5 Final




    -------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Hello Baby
    Episode 1
    Part 1
  • 헬로 베이비 [Hel-lo Be-i-bi] = Hello Baby
  • 엄마 [eom-ma] = mom
  • 아기 [a-gi] = baby
  • 준비 [jun-bi] = prepare
  • 상자 [sang-ja] = box
    --- When the girls entered the house, they playfully though that the baby was inside the box.
  • 까꿍 [kka-kkung] = peekaboo
  • 이번 [i-beon] = this time
  • 남자 [nam-ja] = boy
  • 여우 [yeo-u] = fox
    --- Hyoyeon said that she was a fox when she was younger, stealing toys from other kids.
  • 샤방 [sya-bang] = pretty
    --- Yoona was pretty as baby and she's pretty now.
  • 오빠 [o-ppa] = older brother (from girl's point of view)
    --- Yuri and her older brother are like twins, according to Hyoyeon.
  • 아기 과자 [a-gi gwa-ja] = snacks for a baby
  • 딩동 [ding-dong] = sound of a doorbell
  • 사진 [sa-jin] = picture
  • 벨 [bel] = bell
  • 정답 [jeong-dab] = correct (when answering a question)
  • 왜 [wae] = why
  • 옹알이 [ong-al-i] = murmuring
    --- Sunny answered corrrectly that the early stage of the baby speaking is murmuring.
  • 어색한 [eo-saek-han] = awkward
    --- The girls felt awkward when they had to practice changing diapers on a boy doll.
  • 남자아기 [nam-ja-a-gi] = baby boy
  • 부위 [bu-wi] = region; part
    --- The baby teacher was talking about "the part" of the baby boy doll when changing its diaper.
  • 도리 [do-ri] = shake; spin
  • 쭈까 쭈까 쭈욱 쭈욱 [jju-kka jju-kka jju-uk jju-uk] = leg exercise performed on babies to make them grow tall
  • 다리운동 [da-ri-un-dong] = leg exercise
  • 다리 [da-ri] = leg
  • 긴다리 [gin-da-ri] = long legs
    --- Like Sooyoung-unnie!
  • 가지 [ga-ji] = eggplant
  • 당근 [dang-keun] = carrot
  • 갈대 [gal-dae] = reed
  • 쏘리 쏘리 [Sso-ri Sso-ri] = Sorry Sorry (by Super Junior)
    --- The girls sang this song when they were warming up their hands for the leg exercise.
  • 마사지 [ma-sa-ji] = massage
    --- Hyoyeon and Yoona practiced the baby leg massage on Yuri.
  • 쿵 [keung] = sound of a crash
    --- If you hold the baby tightly while rocking, you can crash onto the floor and the baby won't get hurt.
  • 다이어트 [da-i-eo-teu] = diet
    --- After hearing how much powder was used to make a bottle of milk, Hyoyeon exclaimed that the baby should go on a diet.
  • 모유 [mo-yu] = breast milk
  • 손등 [son-deung] = the back of the hand
    --- You use the back of your hand to test the temperature of the milk before giving it to the baby to drink.
  • 초유 [cho-yu] = colostrum (breast milk that's present for about a week from birth and is full of nutrients to keep the body healthy)
    --- Some baby powder contain this ingredient, which is extremely good for the baby.
  • Part 2
  • 사고발생 [sa-go-bal-saeng] = accident
    --- Sooyoung had an accident when she was trying to make milk with her baby doll, which fell from her lap and its head turned 180 degrees.
  • 평소 [pyeong-so] = normally
  • 일일 아빠 [il-il a-ppa] = daily dad
  • 아빠 [a-ppa] = dad
  • 쌍꺼풀 [ssang-kkeo-pul] = double eyelid
    --- The girls' first guess of who the daily dad was was Kang Ho Dong, but he didn't have double eyelids. However, Sooyoung pointed out that you can get them as you grow older.
  • 영웅 [yeong-ung] = hero
    --- MC Mong claimed he was a hero to children.
  • 느끼 [neu-kki] = sleazy
    --- The girls' other guess was Kang Dongwon, who looked sleazy.
  • 화들짝 [hwa-deul-jjak] = surprised
    --- The girls were surprised to see who the daily dad was.
  • 호들갑 [ho-deul-kap] = response
  • 라면 [ra-myeon] = ramen
    --- MC Mong brought ramen, along with various other things, in his napsack.
  • 테스트 [te-seu-teu] = test
    --- Yuri wanted to give MC Mong a test to see if he would be a good father.
  • 돈 [don] = money
    --- MC Mong joked that all a father needs to do for a baby is to earn money.
  • 체력 [che-lyeok] = physical endurance
  • 난감 [nan-kam] = shocked
    --- MC Mong was shocked that he had to do an endurance test.
  • 팔힘 [pal-him] = arm strength
  • 팔굽혀펴기 [pal-gup-hyeo-pyeo-gi] = push-up
    --- The girls had MC Mong do 30 push-ups to showcase how strong he was.
  • 충분 [chung-bun] = requirements
  • 동요 [dong-yo] = nursery songs
    --- MC Mong challenged SNSD to a nursery song battle, to which he lost.
  • 반짝 [ban-jjak] = sparkling; brightly
  • 별 [byeol] = star
  • 크레파스 [keu-re-pa-seu] = crayons
  • 머리 [meo-ri] = head
  • 어깨 [eo-kkae] = shoulder
  • 무릎 [mu-leup] = knee
  • 여자아기 [yeo-ja-a-gi] = baby girl
    --- MC Mong wants to have a baby girl has his first child.
  • 액세서리 [aek-se-seo-ri] = accessory
    --- MC Mong had too many accessories attached to his pants.
  • 바지 [ba-ji] = pants
    --- There were too many things wrong with MC Mong's ripped jeans.
  • 모빌 [mo-bil] = mobile (baby mobile)
    --- Sooyoung set up Kyungsan's baby mobile above his crib.
  • 환영합니다. [Hwan-yeong-ham-ni-da.] = Welcome.
    --- Hyoyeon wanted to put up a banner with this phrase on it before the baby arrived.
  • 잠시 후 [jam-shi hu] = soon; in a little while
  • 천사 [cheon-sa] = angel
  • 궁금 [gung-geum] = curious
  • 만남 [man-nam] = meeting
  • 나이 [na-i] = age
  • 생후 [saeng-hu] = age
    --- Kyungsan is 9 months old.
  • 성별 [seong-byeol] = gender
    --- Kyungsan is a baby boy.
  • 큭기 [teuk-ki] = talent
    --- Kyungsan's talents are smiling and standing up
  • Part 3
  • 공 [gong] = ball
    --- Taeyeon-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 턱받이 [teok-bat-i] = bib
    --- Yuri-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 기저귀 [gi-jeo-gwi] = diaper
    --- Hyoyeon-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 딸랑이 [ddal-lang-i] = rattle
    --- Yoona-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 신발 [shin-bal] = shoes
    --- Sunny-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 로션 [lo-syeon] = lotion
    --- Tiffany-unnie's gift to Kyungsan
  • 이불 [i-bul] = blanket
    --- Sooyoung's gift to Kyungsan
  • 안돼 [an-dwae] = no; no way
  • 설마 [seol-ma] = no way (something unbelievable)
  • 결정 [gyeol-jeong] = decision
  • 퀴즈 [kwi-jeu] = quiz
    --- MC Mong quizzes the girls on how much they know about Kyungsan from his diary written by the baby's mother.
  • 땡 [ddaeng] = sound one makes for a wrong answer
  • 곰 세마리 [gom se-ma-ri] = Three Bears (nursery rhyme)
    --- Kyungsan's favorite nursery rhyme that SNSD sings to him throughout the entire show.
    곰 세마리가 한집에 있어. [Gom se-ma-ri-ga han-jib-e-iss-eo.] = There are three bears in a house.
    아빠 곰, 엄마 곰, 애기 곰. [A-ppa gom, eom-ma gom, ae-gi gom.] = Daddy bear, mommy bear, baby bear.
    아빠 곰은 뚱뚱해. [Appa gom-eun ddung-ddung-hae.] = Daddy bear is fat.
    엄마 곰은 날씬해. [Eom-ma gom-eun nal-ssin-hae.] = Mommy bear is slim.
    애기 곰은 너무 귀여워. [Ae-gi gom-eun neo-mu gwi-yeo-weo.] = Baby bear is too cute.
    으쓱! 으쓱! 잘한다. [Eu-sseuk! Eu-sseuk! Jal-han-da.] = Up and down! Up and down! You are doing well.
  • 벌떡 [beol-ddeok] = jump up
  • 신난다 [shin-nan-da] = to be excited (DF)
  • 점 획득 [jeom hwek-deuk] = points obtained
    --- Due to MC Mong's biased judging, Yoona-unnie obtained 2 points during the mom quiz for performing a cute rendition of 'Three Bears'.
  • 혈액형 [hyeol-aek-hyeong] = blood type
    --- Kyungsan and Seohyun is of blood type A (A형).
  • 마지막 [ma-ji-mak] = last
  • 목욕 [mok-yok] = bath
  • 파우더 [pa-u-deo] = powder
  • 엉덩이 [eong-deong-i] = bottom; butt
  • 일일 엄마 [il-il eom-ma] = daily mom
  • 밥 [bap] = meal; rice
  • 김 [kim] = seaweed
    --- MC Mong grows hungry from playing with the baby so he resorts to eating seaweed that he brought.
  • 스테레스 [seu-te-re-seu] = stress
  • 우유병 [u-yu-byeong] = milk bottle
    --- Yuri has to sanitize the Kyungsan's milk bottle after MC Mong drank from it.
  • 젖꼭지 [jeot ggok-ji] = nipple
    --- Taeyeon-unnie accidentally asked MC Mong to bring a nipple instead of a pacifier.
  • 꼭지 [ggok-ji] = pacifier
  • Part 4
  • 재롱 [jae-long] = tricks
  • 웃어준다 [ut-eo-jun-da] = to laugh (DF)
    --- YoonYul-unnies got Kyungsan to laugh by playing ggak-kkung with him.
  • 한번 [han-beon] = once; one more time
    --- YoonYul-unnies wanted to hold Kyungsan at least once on the episode.
  • 애교 [ae-gyo] = cuteness; charm
  • 맘 [mam] = mom
  • 툭 [tuk] = push
  • 울지마 [ul-ji-ma] = don't cry
  • 이모 [i-mo] = aunt (mom's sister)
    --- YoonYul-unnies team up to be Kyungsan's aunts to help each other get closer to the baby.
  • 육아수첩 [yuk-a-su-cheop] = baby handbook/diary
    --- After not being able to get Kyungsan to stop crying, Tiffany-unnie decides to read his diary instead.
  • 베스트 [be-seu-teu] = best
  • 워스트 [weo-seu-teu] = worst
  • Episode 2
    Part 1
  • 시작 [shi-jak] = start
  • 칭얼 [ching-eol] = whine
  • 자야 될 시간 [ja-ya dwel shi-gan] = nap time
  • 특명 [teuk-myeong] = specialty
  • 거실 [geo-shil] = living room
  • 인형 [in-hyeong] = doll
    --- SeoYoonYul played with dolls because they couldn't play with Kyungsan.
  • 탈진 [tal-jin] = exhausted
    --- MC Mong was exhausted after he finally got Kyungan to stop crying.
  • 휴식시간 [hyu-shik-shi-gan] = rest time
    --- Sunny-unnie rested after Kyungsan stopped crying.
  • 탈바꿈 [tal-ba-kkum] = transform
  • 자장가 [ja-jang-ga] = lullaby
  • 계획표 [kye-hwek-pyo] = timetable
  • 열심 [yeol-shim] = hard-working
  • 아이구 [a-i-gu] = omg (something along those lines)
    --- Taeyeon-unnie said this to MC Mong when he told her the wrong time when she was drawing out Kyungsan's schedule.
  • 닭죽 [dalk-juk] = chicken soup
  • 스케줄 [seu-ke-jul] = schedule
  • 놀기 [nol-gi] = play
  • 무언가 [mu-eon-ga] = something
  • 기대 [gi-hae] = anticipation
  • 힌트 [hin-teu] = hint
  • 소변 [so-byeon] = urine
    --- MC Mong thought that the breast milk collector was used to collect the baby's urine.
  • 소화기 [so-hwa-ki] = phone
  • 수육 [su-yuk] = steamed pork
  • 유축기 [yu-chuk-ki] = breast milk collector
  • 메롱 [me-rong] = when someone sticks out their tongue at another person
  • Part 2
  • 멤버 [mem-beo] = member
  • 만지작 [man-ji-jak] = touch
  • 촉감 [chok-kam] = tactile (having to do with touch)
  • 얼굴 접촉 [eol-gul jeop-chok] = face contact
  • 가위 [ga-wi] = scissor
  • 뽀뽀 [bbo-bbo] = kiss
    --- During the face contact game, Taeyeon-unnie accidentally kissed Sooyoung-unnie on the cheek.
  • 볼 [bol] = cheek
  • 꼬물딱 [ggo-mul-ddak] = probe
  • 옷걸이 [ot-keol-i] = clothes hanger
  • 인형 뽑기 [in-hyeong bbop-gi] = toy claw
  • 젖병 집게 [jeot-byeong jib-ke] = baby bottle grabber
  • 낚시 게임 [nakk-shi ge-im] = fish game
  • 게임 [ge-im] = game
  • 물어 [mul-eo] = bite
    --- Taeyeon-unnie was yelling this to the plastic fish during the last fish game.
  • 벌칙 [beol-chik] = consequence
  • 결과 [gyeol-gwa] = result
  • 시장 [shi-jang] = market
  • 출발 [chul-bal] = depart
  • 당근 [dang-geun] = carrot
  • 바나나 [ba-na-na] = banana
  • 사과 [sa-gwa] = apple
  • 아기과자 [a-gi-gwa-ja] = baby snack
  • 아기치즈 [a-gi-chi-jeu] = baby cheese (cheese for babies)
  • 마트 [ma-teu] = mart
  • 화들짝 [hwa-deul-jjak] = startled
    --- Sunny-unnie, Yoona-unnie, and Tiffany-unnie were startled when Kyungsan started crying from the bedroom again.
  • 부시럭 [bu-shi-reok] = crinkle
  • 젖병 [jeot-byeong] = baby bottle
  • 수박 [su-bak] = watermelon
    --- Seohyunnie and Kyungsan love watermelons.
  • 떡볶이 [ddeok-bokk-i] = spicy rice cake
  • 비바람 [bi-ba-ram] = rain and wind
    --- There was lots of rain and wind when depressed Tiffany-unnie couldn't get Kyungsan to stop crying.
  • 마음 [ma-eum] = heart
  • 구시렁 [gu-shi-lang] = mutter
  • 가슴 [ga-seum] = heart
    --- Tiffany-unnie was hurt when she couldn't get Kyungsan to stop crying, but he stopped when Yoona-unnie held him.
  • 주방 [ju-bang] = kitchen
  • 의기소침 [ui-gi-so-chim] = depressed
  • 식사시간 [shik-sa-shii-kan] = meal time
  • 맘마 [mam-ma] = food
  • 행복 [haeng-bok] = happiness
    --- Sunny-unnie, Tiffany-unnie, Yuri-unnie, and Yoona-unnie were happy when they finally got Kyungsan to stop crying and drink his milk.
  • 발 [bal] = foot
    --- Kyungsan likes to touch his foot when he's happy.

  • 곤드레 만드레 [gon-deu-re man-deu-re] = dead drunk
    트라이 포드 [teu-ra-i po-deu] = tripod
    물 [mul] = water
    송퓬 [song-pyun] =
    추석 [chu-seok] = Lunar New Year
    한복 [han-bok] = traditional Korean attire
    가수 [ka-su] = clap
    아메리칸 [A-me-ri-kan] = American
    샌드위치 [saen-deu-wi-chi] = sandwich
    김밥 [kim-bap] = similar to Japanese sushi roll except there's multiple ingredients and no raw fish
    뿡 [bbung] = sound of fart
    핑크 [ping-keu] = pink
    그 놀라 [geu nol-la] = amazing
    빵 [bbang] = bread
    삼춘 [sam-chun] = uncle (dad's younger unmarried brother)
    꽃 [ggot] = flower
    여야, 여야 뭐하니? [Yeo-ya, yeo-ya mwo-ha-ni?] = Fox, fox what are you doing?
    사철탕 [sa-cheol-tang] = dog meat soup eaten during summer because of its health properties, but is nowadays controversial
    벼룩 [byeo-luk] = flea
    둥실 [dung-shil] =
    화랑 [hwa-rang] = male soldiers
    강강술래 [kang-kang-sul-lae] =

     
    ~~~Complete Compiled List of Helpful Sites to Learn Korean~~~
    Actual Sites for Learning
    -Memrise
    ___ Lots and lots of vocabulary

    - zKorean (you have to pay, but there's useful free info there too)
    ___ For complete access to this site, you have to pay, but there are some free info available
    ___ Includes: history of hangul, structure of Korean characters, alphabet, romanization, pronunciation, a helpful English-to-Korean and Korean-to-English dictionary with audio, grammar and vocab lessons, history of Korean culture and customs
    ___ Paid membership includes the above plus: flashcards (Korean-English, English-Korean, and audio), romanizer, translator

    - Pegasus Teachers
    ___ This just has a bunch of vocab, but you can also learn more about the country of Korea

    - Learn Korean (alot of people have already recommended this)
    ___ Has a few quick lessons for beginners to intermediate to advance students
    ___ Also has some words in the encyclopedia (Korean-Romanization and vice versa) and a list of phrases
    ___ Some videos with pronunciation help and a forum to interact with other users

    - Korean Flashcards (learn Korean through the use of good ole flashcards; also you can get a daily sentence sent to you via email for more practice)
    ___ Free or paid membership
    ___ Get emails sent to you daily with various sentences broken down for you to learn
    ___ Able to customize your level, pick which words go in your flashcards, and have tons of vocab/sentence and audio/pronunciation help
    ___ Includes Korean hangul text translator

    - Outside in Korea (has complete MP3 and PDF lessons)
    ___ A bunch of lessons in PDF form with corresponding MP3 files
    ___ Some info on Korean culture, business, etc

    - Yes Korean
    ___ 15 lessons on mostly grammar and sentence building, with some on counting and the alphabet

    - Linguanaut
    ___ Contains a list of phrases, adjectives, alphabet, numbers, everyday words, common vocab, survival terms, and a translator
    ___ Also has a virtual on-screen keyboard for typing Korean Hangul
    ___ Can learn various other languages here as well such as Japanese and Chinese

    - World KBS
    ___ Lessons on the basics of the Korean language and conversations
    ___ Lessons include audio as well as character strokes and in different languages to learn Korean

    - Learn Korean in ELanguage School
    ___ Alphabet and grammar lessons with vocab of words and phrases

    - Lang Intro (really good and thorough intro for beginners; personally used this myself)
    ___ 37 thorough lessons on the alphabet, character structure, double consonant, aspirated characters, etc
    ___ Has some audio embedded in the lessons

    - Learn Korean (too many sites with this name haha)
    ___ Lessons on basic such as alphabet and a bit on grammar and some lessons on Chinese hanja used in Korean language
    ___ Games to help with learning and chat room
    ___ Recipes for making Korean dishes

    - Talk to Me in Korean (lessons + chat with others in Korean)
    ___ Beginner and intermediate lessons as well as vocab building lessons in PDF/MP3
    ___ Chat with other learners as well as Korean teachers

    - Visit Korea? (I want to :])
    ___ Lessons are identical to those of World KBS
    ___ Other lessons that take a tour of Seoul, South Korea while learning the language

    - Learn Langs
    ___ 6 quick lessons on basics with audio

    - Busy Atom
    ___ *UNDERGOING MAINTENANCE - 4/2/2012*

    - Busy Atom on YouTube
    ___ Videos on learning basics of language

    - Learn Korean Language
    ___ Free or paid membership
    ___ 12 lessons on basics - alphabet, color, numbers, body parts, grammar, etc

    - Sogang
    ___ For novice to intermediate learners on conversation building with audio and videos
    ___ Also has info on Korean history, culture, etc

    - Korean Class 101 (you have to pay for the full use, but I believe the audio and bits of the visual lessons are free)
    ___ Free or paid membership
    ___ Audio is free, but most of the visual lesson plans are not

    - Korean Class 101 on YouTube (video lessons from Korean Class 101)
    ___ A bunch of videos to help with learning from the people of Korean Class 101

    - Think Zone
    ___ Some stuff on the alphabet

    - Korean Language
    ___ A couple of lessons on grammar, phrases, dialects, etc
    ___ Has a dictionary for various language conversions











    Forum Style Learning
    Korea on the Rocks
    Words and phrases building
    A couple of short pages of people bouncing around words and phrases

    K-Popped
    Lessons and KPop
    Malaysian students learning Korean and reteaching others

    Asian Fanatics
    Words and phrases building
    50+ pages of people bouncing around words and phrases

    Hangul A Day
    Grammar lessons

    Wikitionary
    Words building

    Teach Koreanz
    Words and phrases building
    For teaching Korean, but has a bunch of helpful phrases

    Yahoo Answers
    Common Korean words in KPop
    Some repetitive words from songs explained

    Korean Number Chart
    Native and Sino Korean number system
    Some more stuff to the side

    Omniglot
    Words and phrases building + audio

    Transparent
    Words and phrases building + audio

    Life in Korea
    Buttload of words and phrases building for tourists and travelers
    Some lessons on writing hangul and its history
    Has forum to talk with other learners

    Park's Guide
    Tons of lessons on grammar, verbs, conjunctions, etc
    Words and phrases building

    Live Mocha
    Chat with other learners
    Not sure if this is free, but someone posted it here before

    Word Showers
    Buttload of word and phrases building + audio and MP3 download

    Wiki: Jeju Dialect
    More word building, but in comparison to the Jeju dialect used in by natives of the Jeju island

    Yahoo Answers
    Quick info on saying "Thank you. It was delicious."

    Kreah-Craze
    Words and phrases building

    Yahoo Answers
    Quick info on saying "Excuse me."

    Yahoo Groups
    Words and phrases building

    Pro Profs
    Words and phrases building in online-flashcard form

    Wiki: Phonetics
    Info on dipthongs, monodipthongs, and other Korean phonetics
    Words building

    Sulky-Hamu Korean Writing
    Alphabet and romanization

    BoA Jjang
    Quick lesson on suffixes for addressing people

    Wiki: Grammar
    Pretty thorough lesson on Korean grammar

    Workbook
    This is probably geared towards the more advance students

    Transparent
    Lessons on grammar, tenses, deferential/politeness

    Workbook
    A pretty complete lesson from an actual workbook
    Click the link at the top to download the Microsoft Word document

    Say Jack
    Lessons on the formal and polite forms of verbs and adjectives







    Dictionary/Translator
    - SNSD Connect! (a translator with a SoShi twist..not really)
    - Korean Dictionary
    - Endic (hangul to English dictionary)
    - Kawa (hangul to romanization)











    Downloads
    Byki
    Free software for Korean pronunciations

    Declan
    Free trials of software


    ---Gee Gee Gee Gee Baby Baby Baby Baby---


    Throwing these in just for fun^^
    ~Your Korean Name~
    Reasons to Learn Korean
    Online Korean Keyboard
    Text-to-Speech



    As a YoonAddict,
    I promise to appreciate her alligator laugh, to support her in acting,
    laugh when she imitates AYM, and LOVE Shikshin#2,
    because she's prettier than flowers :]



    A Yoona and YoonYul Lover
    [color=#00BFFF]~Live and breathe KPop~

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